So it would be fair to say that around 900 yards as an average is the effective range of the .308 Winchester, where the rounds can reliably be placed on the target. BTHP 80289 2960 2697 2449 2215 1993 1786 1323 1098 906 741 600 482 -1 517 0-7 -22 -454 M 223 Rem 73 gr. It’s plentiful and effective. However, this a very subjective variable that cannot be measured. The bullet’s kinetic energy is a combination of its mass and velocity at the point of impact. The .308 Winchester having been around for a while has developed its popularity in the field. To clarify, whether you’re equipping yourself for target practice (do not forget to find a great scope), hunting or self-defense, the choice of caliber can make quite a bit of difference. So, following a 2950 fps muzzle velocity, the round will travel pretty flat for around 200 yards, after which gravity takes its inevitable effect (yeah, I know it was acting on it before). Another factor is drugs. A lot! The .357 magnum and .38 special use similar bullets, but the .357 magnum has more powder in its round (even more than the .38 special +p), that results in increased pressure. Everyone has a different need, and everyone has a different definition of what long range might be, but for most shooters, the 308 will be a round caliber that will be considered if you need distance. They will help you understand this topic easily. Take Our Interactive Ballistics Quiz, Shooters’ Forum Goes Ballistic — with Help from Bryan Litz, Book Review: A New Ballistics Resource from Bryan Litz, 30 Caliber vs. 7mm for Long Range — Litz Offers Analysis, Speer Releases Handloading Manual Number 15, Varminter.com Field Tests New Lead Free 17 WSM Ammo, Advanced New Area 419 ZERO 9-Station Turret Press, SunDay GunDay: .284 Shehane Team USA Raffle Prize Rifle, Sunday GunDay: Glen Zediker 1959 – 2020, In Memoriam, Barney Lawton, Action-Builder and Barrel-Maker, Loses Fight with Cancer, BYOB — Build Your Own Bench for Reloading — Free Plans. Stop trying to look at calibers as if it is a standardization naming method and more of caliber as a way to label a specific cartridge and firearm with certain innate characteristics that separate it from other rounds and guns. One unit of ammunition is called a cartridge. Best IWB Holsters for Glock 19: Complete Reviews With Comparison, Comparing IWB Holsters: Top 5 Most Comfortable Types of Holsters. However, calibers are not always determined by these methods. Our hope is that by seeing and studying the data above, you can start to understand the differences between pistol calibers. On the other hand, Europeans do follow a more robust method. Have you ever noticed the spiral grooves going down the barrel of your gun? ​Note: .38 special is only available in a revolver. It also remains one of the most popular ammunition types for submachine guns as well. Since terminal performance has more to do about the bullet’s design and less to do about the Caliber of the pistol or cartridge, we are omitting this factor. The .380 ACP is slightly smaller in diameter than the 9mm. Note: A common misconception is that a bullet is one unit of ammunition. Over the next 150 yards though, out to 650 yards it’s dropped another 60 inches. 500 yards is still quite a range, it’s lost around 900 fps of velocity at 500 yards, but still traveling at 1800 fps. However, technically bullets are only metal projectile. Size and weight of the bullet. Also, note that semi-auto pistol and revolver calibers are both covered in this chart. We use cookies on this site to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. You’ll find answers to these and other questions in Bryan’s book, Applied Ballistics for Long-Range Shooting. The .22 has acquired a folkloric reputation for lethality due to its supposed propensity to bounce around inside a target; this has been widely disconfirmed by modern studies of stopping power. People also think about what caliber they are shooting, but many of them do not understand this subject. Something that can stop us with one shot might not stop a bear. ​One of the twentieth century’s best-known pistol cartridges, the old.45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge originally supplanted the .38 Long Colt cartridge after the Moro uprisings in the Philippines showed a need for better stopping power in the pistol cartridges issued to the US military. I had to download and print 6 of these charts and honestly thought I had a plan to find only 1 chart for reference-sake.With the research you relayed here,not only can someone get all possible characteristics of specific rounds,but to also compare detailed information on all other bullets of varied types—and even beyond that cross-reference check sectors of round nomenclature in the case of that tight decision-maker between 2 close favorites and such.Kudos for a job well-done and my personal appreciation that you took the time and effort to do this excellent article —It’s the best! Most common pistol calibers today are “center-fire,” with the primer located on a striking surface at the center of the casing instead. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Required fields are marked *. Kenneth B. You do not pay anything extra, and your purchase helps support our work bringing you the best methods for outdoor life. Clear as mud? We did our best to simplify this complicated topic so that you will be able to understand it and use the knowledge to your advantage. (function() { If you are used to taking into account 400 inches of bullet drop then it’s effective at 1000 yards. 5) Long Range Lethality and the Ballistic Coefficient. The rounds themselves differ only in terms of length and powder charge; all fire a small, light projectile most suited for target practice and small game hunting. So what factors determine recoil? In plan terms, if using the gun itself to determine the caliber, you measure the barrel’s narrowest opening. Stopping power, how many people think this is a critical factor when it comes to calibers? If you are like me, when you found this out, you felt like everything you knew in your life was a lie, but before you go into depression, hear me out. However, we believe these traits are subjective and have decided to leave them out. (Your MV may be lower in winter with temp-sensitive powders). Targets beyond 200 yards, up to 500 yards a shooter will need to compensate for around 1 to 5 feet of drop. These measurements are usually expressed in fractions of an inch or in millimeters as well. Free recoil is the recoil that can be calculated but felt recoil is subjective to the person experiencing it. When you think of shooting a pistol, you usually think about how to shoot a gun, your stance, or the different parts of your firearm. The United States Marine Corps is somewhat similar in that they say a .308 cartridge is effective to be fired to the 1000 yard mark. Scopes are suitable for long-range shooting but make shooting up close very difficult. These topics are covered in Chapter 15: Lethality of Long Range Hunting Bullets. Developed form the military, Winchester brought the .308 round onto the market in 1952. It is typically determined by the dimensions of either the gun’s barrel or the bullet (not the cartridge). Applied Ballistics for Long-Range Shooting, Ballistics Brain Power — Take Our Ballistics Quiz, Are You a Ballistics Wizard? However, it has been added to our handgun caliber compassion chart. That is still pretty good. At 200 yards there is perhaps 4 to 5 inches of bullet drop. A shortened spinoff, the .40 S&W, garnered widespread acclaim and rapidly became one of the most popular defensive handgun calibers. The more controversial one of them. Also, the listed purposes for each sample is what the majority of people use it for. Whatever anyone says, the .308 Winchester is a formidable cartridge and with plenty of life left in it yet. (For more information on the history of this old cartridge, check out our guide to the best IWB holsters for 1911 pistols. In theory, recoil can be measured. 0.25 ACP and 0.32 ACP, the “sub-combat” calibers, occupy a strange space in the world of mainstream handgun ammunition. Now just like Neo did in the Matrix, take the red pill, or maybe he took the blue…..I don’t remember which one it is. Most calibers have many different variations of ammo and firearms. Many people use the .38 special in a .357 magnum for target practice. Having come from a  military background it’s no surprise to find it packs quite a punch. Late Season Reminder — Replace Your Safe’s Keypad Battery. You may not reproduce original text or photos without advanced permission in writing. There are many variables that some would say need to be taken into account when analyzing different calibers. A polymer pistol will have more recoil than an all-steel weapon. Somebody, please call my old physics professor up and tell him I actually did listen in class even though my grades didn’t show it.