But it was hard to prove as long as both humans and armadillos were carrying fairly generic, readily available strains of the bacteria — strains that could have come from anywhere. For general health reasons, avoid contact with armadillos whenever possible. Keep in mind that improperly cooked meat, as well as dead armadillos, often still harbor bacteria and viruses, so … How’d they get it? If you are a Zinio, Nook, Kindle, Apple, or Google Play subscriber, you can enter your website access code to gain subscriber access. In Louisiana alone, 53% of armadillos were found to have leprosy. We service over 500 USA locations! You cannot get leprosy from a casual contact with a person who has Hansen’s disease like: Hansen’s disease is also not passed on from a mother to her unborn baby during pregnancy and it is also not spread through sexual contact. The researchers hope, though, that this confirmation will help doctors diagnose U.S. leprosy cases faster — if it’s caught early, several years of antibiotics can purge the bacterium from your system before nerve damage occurs. Armadillos do carry diseases. Email us at info@wildlife-removal.com - Professional and Humane Wildlife Removal Servicing the Entire USA, Raccoon Removal Information & How-To Tips, Squirrel Removal Information & How-To Tips, Opossum Removal Information & How-To Tips, Groundhog Removal Information & How-To Tips, Armadillo Removal Information & How-To Tips, Dead Animal Removal Information & How-To Tips, Other Wildlife Species Information & How-To Tips, Click here to hire us in your town and check prices. Reference: Richard W. Truman, Pushpendra Singh, Rahul Sharma, Philippe Busso, Jacques Rougemont, Alberto Paniz-Mondolfi, Adamandia Kapopoulou, Sylvain Brisse, David M. Scollard, Thomas P. Gillis, Stewart T. Cole. Your email address is used to log in and will not be shared or sold. Armadillos are normally very cautious around people, so if you encounter armadillos that are not too shy, or are excessively active during the day, then you may want to bear the possibility of rabies in mind. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. But it was hard to prove as long as both humans and armadillos were carrying fairly generic, readily available strains of the … Transmission typically occurs when people handle or eat these animals. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Symptoms of leprosy include skin lesions, numbness, and nerve damage and muscle weakness. © Copyright 2020 by Wildlife Removal. CDC twenty four seven. It’s not clear how, but the when is fairly cut and dried: leprosy originated in the Old World, while armadillos exist only in the New World, which means they must have contracted it in the last 400–500 years since European settlement of the Americas began. About 150–250 cases of leprosy, which is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae and results in nerve damage if not treated early, are diagnosed in the U.S. each year. Also known as Hansen's Disease, there are relatively few species that have a body temperature low enough to play host to the condition, but there have been some instances where this disease has been passed on to people. The remaining 10,286 new cases (5%) were reported by 92 countries. One of the distinctive aspects of the armadillo as a species is that the natural body temperature is actually a fair bit lower than that of most other animal species, and for this reason the number of diseases they can carry are actually quite low. Do armadillos carry leprosy? Collectively, these countries reported 19,069 new cases, 14% of all new cases globally. You see why scientific progress is slow. If doctors rule out leprosy because the patient hasn’t left the country, they could be doing them a disservice. (Credit: chris.vandyck/Flickr), An Explorer Tours the Planet of the Viruses, Why Americans Fear They’re Playing Vaccine Roulette, COVID-19 and Drug-Resistant Superbugs Are a Frightening Combination, Why Wearing a Face Mask Halfway Can Be Dangerous. Probable Zoonotic Leprosy in the Southern United States. Ninety-two countries did not report, several of which are known to have cases of leprosy. file_external, World Health OrganizationExternal Armadillos carry diseases that are generally difficult to catch without close contact. Read our privacy policy. Your doctor will follow up with you over time and perform periodic skin examinations to see if you develop the disease. You may be at risk for the disease if you live in a country where the disease is widespread. Get unlimited access when you subscribe. The distribution of new leprosy cases by country among 136 countries that reported to WHO in 2015. file_external, Geographical Distribution of New Cases of Hansen’s Disease Reported to WHO in 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Armadillos are known to carry leprosy — in fact, they are the only wild animals other than humans upon which the picky M. leprae can stand to live — and scientists suspected that these anomalous cases were due to contact with the little armored tootsie rolls. An armadillo. Less armadillo on the menu, for starters. Source: Courtesy of WHOExternal, United States National Hansen’s Disease ProgramExternal Rabies If they have not been treated, you could get the bacteria that cause Hansen’s disease. Salmonella No other countries reported >10,000 new cases. Go back to the Armadillo Removal page. Due to the slow-growing nature of the bacteria and the long time it takes to develop signs of the disease, it is often very difficult to find the source of infection. In fact, one of the most common diseases that are often found in armadillos is leprosy. However, the risk is very low and most people who come into contact with armadillos are unlikely to get Hansen’s disease. India reported 127,326 new cases, accounting for 60% of the global new leprosy cases; Brazil, reported 26,395 new cases, representing 13% of the global new cases; and Indonesia reported 17,202 new cases, 8% of the global case load. Save up to 70% off the cover price when you subscribe to Discover magazine.