They’re one of the first trees to leap out in the spring and turn gold in the fall. Horses are herbivores that will consume or at least sample almost all forms of greenery available to them. © 2020 by Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc., an Active Interest Media company, Storey's Barn Guide to Horse Health Care + First Aid, Horse Health Care: A Step-By-Step Photographic Guide to Mastering Over 100 Horsekeeping Skills, Horsekeeping on a Small Acreage: Designing and Managing Your Equine Facilities. Plants can cause reactions ranging from laminitis (found in horses bedded on shavings from black walnut trees), anemia, kidney disease and kidney failure (from eating … Here are 10 trees toxic to horses, which shouldn’t be grown near or in horse pastures. "There are other trees that shed red leaves in the fall, but the red maple has some distinctive features," says Anthony Knight, BVSc, MRCVS, who specializes in toxic trees and plants at Colorado State University. Affected species - horses; Toxicity - high. For areas you want open in winter, consider horse-safe deciduous shrubs. Be aware that their invasive roots wreak havoc with pipes and foundations, however. There is of course another danger of large trees near to your property which is from impact damage to your property (or persons in the property or garden) following a violent storm. “Some safe native plants include Oregon grape, Rosemary, camellia and hemlock tree,” Johnson said, “but remember native plants are specific to climate zones.” Rain Gardens Rain gardens and bioswales are two types of gardens that are gaining in popularity, even on horse farms. Avoid dung tipping: Don’t tip fresh dung into hedge bottoms and woodlands as it can kill hedging and … But I couldn’t live on chocolate all day, every day. Toxic Trees: Keep Your Horses Safe at Pasture. Keep in mind, too, that the horse may beat you to the harvest and leave slim pickings for the family. Most people realize that certain plants are toxic and should not be consumed by humans. Common Plants and Trees That Are Poisonous to Horses. Horses are most often exposed as the leaves fall from the trees in the fall, or if a branch is blown off of a tree into a pasture by a storm and the leaves wilt on the broken branch. Male trees are not dangerous. Do not forget, you should never use wood from any plants or tree branches if they were treated with pesticides or any type of chemical treatment! Horse Friendly Trees. Send us an enquiry online using the form below and one of our expert team will be in touch. Many plants are poisonous to equines; the species vary depending on location, climate, and grazing conditions.In many cases, entire genera are poisonous to equines and include many species spread over several continents. Buckinghamshire Pod legumes and seed can be collected and fed separately or mixed (for better digestibility you can crush or boil seeds) into the (hard) feed of your horse. In large amounts, the leaves and acorns are poisonous to horses due to the toxin tannic acid and they cause kidney damage and gastroenteritis. In others, falling branches or uprooted trees injure nearby horses. It may not be absolutely neccessary, but its the only way that I'll suggest most of that tree genus. The evergreen native conifer English yew, Taxus baccata, sometimes referred to as ‘The King of Hedges’, produces an outstanding, slow growing, long living, dark-green hedge. From available data, magnolia trees are not toxic to horses. If you are interested in any of our products or would like further information, get in touch and we will be happy to help. Prove you're not a robot and confirm the word below: COPYRIGHT © 2020 THE TREE & HEDGE COMPANY. The following trees have no place in horsekeeping areas because of their toxicity or potential for causing digestive distress. We also recommend the following trees as they provide good shelter and shade for horses. )Black Walnut (juglans nigra)Black Locust (robinia pseudoacacia)Horse Chestnut, Buckeyes (aesculus hippocastanum)Oak trees, acorns(quercus sp. Make sure your horse pastures don't have these toxic trees. With fruit trees, you have to be concerned about the horse eating not only the fruit but also the pits, leaves and bark. Red maple leaves have serrated edges and can turn either red or yellow in the fall. If you aren’t sure if the wood you want to … Flower colors range from white, pink and red to purple and … TYPE: Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 40 to 60 feet SPREAD: 40 feet FINAL SPACING: Probably shouldn’t plant in most cases. Our pastures are have no shade for them at all and we'd rather put in shade trees than a wooden shelter. These leaves also produce cyanide when wilted, affecting horses within a few hours of ingestion. In general, horses are not likely to eat leaves or any other tree parts unless they are quite hungry. The red maple (Acer rubrum) is one such tree whose leaves are harmless most of the year until wind damage or seasonal change causes them to fall from the tree and wilt. Red Maple (Acer rubrum) For these trees, poisoning usually occurs in late summer and autumn, when their leaves fall … Bois d'Arc Maclura pomifera (ma-CLUE-ra pon-IF-er-ah) Moraceae (Mulberry Family) OTHER COMMON NAMES: OSAGE-ORANGE, HORSE APPLE, BOW WOOD, HEDGE APPLE, BODARK, YELLOW WOOD, NARANJO CHINO. Natural foragers, horses will graze the day away if you let them. Shade trees are beneficial to horses because they provide blockage from the sun for the pasture; however, because many trees are considered toxic to horses, choosing the right tree is essential to keeping your horses safe. The following plants can produce good hedges in their own right or as creative mixtures: The following trees create good shelter and shade for horses: Browse the gardening guides from the Tree & Hedge Company. Zone: 2-9A Height: 50-70 feet Email us today and keep your horses safe and happy, all year round. )Red Maple (Acer rubrum)Cherry trees and relatives (prunus sp. Print This Page Horse Apples - Bois 'd arc fruit. As great as trees are, there are a few situations where horses and trees definitely don't mix. Depending on the tree, each part may present a separate danger. )Russian olive, also known as oleaster (elaegnus angustifolia), For more information on toxic trees, including detailed descriptions and photographs, visit the Colorado State University website, This article first appeared in the March 2001 issue of EQUUS magazine. I'm sorry to report that there is no such thing as the best, fastest growing tree. Quantity required for toxicity is unknown, but SPM is 75-90% fatal. Since shade is important for all animals as protection against summer's heat, removing poisonous varieties of shade trees like red maple, oak, cherry and plum trees from your pastures or paddocks can leave you with a dilemma. A British native, hornbeam, Carpinus betulus resembles beech, Fagus sylvatica, but is more tolerant of heavy soils. Silver birch, Aspen, White willow and Common lime. Horse owners are encouraged to fence off oak trees from their pasture, especially if forage is scarce. If a horse consumes a toxic plant, symptoms can range from relatively mild diarrhea to trouble breathing, organ failure and death. Fencing out trees and hedges will protect but remember, horses and ponies have a long reach – fences should be at least 2 metres away from newly planted hedges. Asked July 22, 2017, 11:17 AM EDT. I like chocolate and it makes me fat. Fruit trees require special fertilizer to ensure healthy growth -- a slow release, low nitrogen blend that also contains roughly equal portions of potash and potassium. 1 Response. Chinaberry Tree (Bead Tree, China Ball Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, White Cedar, Japanese Bead Tree, Texas Umbrella Tree, Pride-of-India) | Scientific Names: Melia azedarach | Family: Meliaceae . I've included "maple" in the safe list now, but with this condition: remove the bark. How to feed fodder-trees and shrubs. Besides the horse also cows, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, cats and rodents are affected by the danger of the Thuja tree. what is the best, fastest shade tree that is non-toxic to horses? "The underside of the red maple leaf tends to be silvery in color." To help us all stay safe, here's a list of trees that are highly toxic to horses. I have an acre residential horse property in West Haven, Utah and I am looking for trees that are horse safe. The decision behind choosing the right trees for horse paddocks and enclosures is more than just selecting something that is big and wide for shade. Thorney Weir Iver As great as trees are, there are a few situations where horses and trees definitely don't mix. Horses should be fenced out of areas where wilted oak leaves and/or acorns are plentiful. Toxic Trees: Keep Your Horses Safe at Pasture As great as trees are, there are a few situations where horses and trees definitely don't mix. Cyanide suffocates animals by blocking oxygen transport via the red blood cells. Browse The Tree & Hedge Company's guide to the most popular hedges available for your garden.