The First Schedule of the Act gave more details of the standard pound: it is a platinum cylinder nearly 1.35 inches (34 mm) high, and 1.15 inches (29 mm) diameter, and the edges are carefully rounded off. Its weight seems to have decreased gradually from the original 324 grams to 319. [38], The soualia litra was specifically used for weighing olive oil or wood, and corresponded to 4/5 of the logarikē, i.e. The Russian pound (Фунт, funt) is an obsolete Russian unit of measurement of mass. In much of Europe, the apothecaries' and commercial pounds were different numbers of the same ounce. That Order defined the pound to be 2.20462 pounds to a kilogram. The livre métrique was set equal to the kilogram by the decree of 13 Brumaire an IX between 1800 and 1812. The SI derived unit for weight or force is the newton. The Free Dictionary. This dates to 757 AD and was based on the silver penny. Its size can vary from system to system. IB stands for Incline Bench (weight lifting). weight. and "lbs." A troy pound (abbreviated lb t[25]) is equal to 12 troy ounces and to 5,760 grains, that is exactly 373.2417216 grams. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.. A proclamation of Henry VIII, 5 November 1526. How long will the footprints on the moon last? An avoirdupois pound is equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces and to exactly 7,000 grains. Due to its association with gold, it was also known as the chrysaphikē litra (χρυσαφική λίτρα, "gold pound") or thalassia litra (θαλάσσια λίτρα, "maritime pound"), but it could also be used as a measure of land, equalling a fortieth of the thalassios modios. The conversion factor between the kilogram and the international pound was therefore chosen to be divisible by 7, and an (international) grain is thus equal to exactly 64.79891 milligrams. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Though not from the same linguistic origin, the Chinese jīn (斤, also known as "catty") has a modern definition of exactly 500 grams, divided into 10 liǎng (两). It is not Ib but it is lb which is a short form for pounds in "11 stone 4 pounds", rather than "158 pounds" (as done in the US),[13] or "72 kilograms" as used elsewhere., Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Iba Hotel, Resort and Restaurant Association. [31] An almost identical weight was employed by the Germans for weighing gold and silver. In Norway, the same name was used for a weight of 498.1 grams. IB is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms. 200 Original Shop Aids and Jigs for Woodworkers. [21] Troy pounds and ounces remain in use only for the weight of certain precious metals, especially in the trade; these are normally quoted just in ounces (e.g. Between 1803 and 1815, all German regions west of the River Rhine were French, organised in the departements: Roer, Sarre, Rhin-et-Moselle, and Mont-Tonnerre. stands for "Parliamentary Standard"). Nowadays, the term Pfund is sometimes still in use and universally refers to a pound of 500 grams. Capotosto, R. (1983). The United States and countries of the Commonwealth of Nations agreed upon common definitions for the pound and the yard. The yard or the metre shall be the unit of measurement of length and the pound or the kilogram shall be the unit of measurement of mass by reference to which any measurement involving a measurement of length or mass shall be made in the United Kingdom; and- (a) the yard shall be 0.9144 metre exactly; (b) the pound shall be 0.45359237 kilogram exactly. The pound avoirdupois was divided into 16 ounces. It may have been derived from the French livre poids de marc.[44]. By 1758, two Elizabethan Exchequer standard weights for the avoirdupois pound existed, and when measured in troy grains they were found to be of 7,002 grains and 6,999 grains.[22][23]. It never became a legal standard in England; the use of this pound waxed and waned with the influence of the Hansa itself. In 1883, it was determined jointly by the Standards Department of the Board of Trade and the Bureau International that 0.4535924277 kg was a better approximation, and this figure, rounded to 0.45359243 kg was given legal status by an Order in Council in May 1898.[24]. However, many of these regions retained the metric system and adopted a metric pound of precisely 500 grams. Based on an evaluation of bronze nesting weight piles distributed by Manuel I to different towns, the arrátel of Manuel I has been estimated to be of 457.8 g. In the early 19th century, the arratel was evaluated at 459 g. [42], In the 15th century, the arratel was of 14 ounces of Colonha or 400.6 g. The Portuguese libra was the same as 2 arrátels. [41] In 1899, the Russian pound was the basic unit of weight, and all other units of weight were formed from it; in partiticular, a zolotnik was 1/96 of a funt, and a pood was 40 funts. The standards themselves are legally defined so as to facilitate the resolution of disputes brought to the courts; only legally defined measures will be recognised by the courts. redirect here. Looking for the definition of IB.? [33], The Tower pound was equivalent to about 350 grams. Paragraph 13 states that the weight in vacuo of this standard shall be called the Imperial Standard Pound, and that all other weights mentioned in the act and permissible for commerce shall be ascertained from it alone. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The Weights and Measures Act of 1878 marked a major overhaul of the British system of weights and measures, and the definition of the pound given there remained in force until the 1960s. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? The Tower pound was also called the Moneyers' Pound (referring to the Saxon moneyers before the Conquest),[29] the easterling pound, which may refer to traders of eastern Germany, or to traders on the shore of the eastern Baltic sea, or dealers of Asiatic goods who settled at the Steelyard wharf;[30] and the Rochelle Pound by French writers, because it was also in use at Rochelle. Amongst these were the avoirdupois pound and the obsolete Tower, merchant's and London pounds. According to a 1959 NIST publication, the United States 1894 pound differed from the international pound by approximately one part in 10 million. [32] No standards of the Tower pound are known to have survived. All ultimately derive from a borrowing into Proto-Germanic of the Latin expression lībra pondō ("the weight measured in libra"), in which the word pondō is the ablative case of the Latin noun pondus ("weight").[7]. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the avoirdupois pound was redefined as 7,000 troy grains. [18][19][20] It was divided into 12 unciae (singular: uncia), or ounces. [28], The system called Tower weight was the more general name for King Offa's pound. The most common was the logarikē litra (λογαρική λίτρα, "pound of account"), established by Constantine the Great in 309/310. A London pound was equal to 7,200 troy grains (16 troy ounces) or, equivalently, 10,240 tower grains (16 tower ounces). Routledge. It formed the basis of the Byzantine monetary system, with one litra of gold equivalent to 72 solidi. It was equivalent to between 21 and 28 avoirdupois ounces (about 600-800 grams). A pound of product must be determined by weighing the product in grams as the use of the pound is not sanctioned for trade within the European Union.[45]. used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement. It is equal to 409.51718 grams. However, in 1963, a new Weights and Measures Act reversed this relationship and the pound was defined for the first time as a mass equal to 0.45359237 kg to match the definition of the international pound agreed in 1959. p. 195. The London pound is based on 16 ounces, each ounce divided as the tower ounce. The most commonly used pound today is the international avoirdupois pound. For other uses, see, IEEE Std 260.1™-2004, IEEE Standard Letter Symbols for Units of Measurement (SI Units, Customary Inch-Pound Units, and Certain Other Units). Since then, the grain has often been an integral part of the avoirdupois system. The following year, this relationship was refined as 2.20462234 pounds to a kilogram, following a determination of the British pound. The unit is descended from the Roman libra (hence the abbreviation "lb"). ... IB stands for International Baccalaureate. The Skålpund was a Scandinavian measurement that varied in weight between regions. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? A hundred litrai were known as a kentēnarion (κεντηνάριον, "hundredweight"). The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass The libra is the origin of the abbreviation for pound, "lb". [24], In 1959, the United States National Bureau of Standards redefined the pound (avoirdupois) to be exactly equal to 0.453 592 37 kilograms, which had been designated as the International Pound. How to convert Pounds to Kilograms. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. [8][9], In the United Kingdom, the use of the international pound was implemented in the Weights and Measures Act 1963.[10]. ... ib is the abbreviation for pound. 1844, 1 lb (P.S. National Bureau of Standards, Re-determination of the values of the imperial standard pound and of its parliamentary copies in terms of the international kilogramme during the years 1960 and 1961, "Will British people ever think in metric?". This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The US has not adopted the metric system[14] despite many efforts to do so, and the pound remains widely used as one of the key United States customary units. [36] It was equal to 9,600 wheat grains (15 tower ounces or 6,750 grains)[27] and was used in England until the 14th century[27] for goods other than money and medicine ("electuaries").[36]. [34][35], The merchants' pound (mercantile pound, libra mercantoria, or commercial pound) was considered to be composed of 25 rather than 20 Tower shillings of 12 pence. The livre usuelle (customary unit) was defined as 500 grams by the decree of 28 March 1812. In 1854, the pound of 500 grams also became the official mass standard of the German Customs Union, but local pounds continued to co-exist with the Zollverein pound for some time in some German states. IB is defined as Incline Bench (weight lifting) somewhat frequently. Personal notes. The pound (abbreviation: lb) is a unit of mass or weight in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. This was a form of official metric pound.[39]. New search features Acronym Blog Free tools " [26] Troy weights were used in England by jewellers. [39] It was introduced by the government of John II. The mercantile pound (1304) of 6750 troy grains, or 9600 Tower grains, derives from this pound, as 25 shilling-weights or 15 Tower ounces, for general commercial use. Luís Seabra Lopes, "As Pilhas de Pesos de Dom Manuel I: Contributo para a sua Caracterização, Inventariação e Avaliação". Smoothbore cannon and carronades are designated by the weight in imperial pounds of round solid iron shot of diameter to fit the barrel. In the UK, the process of metrication and European units of measurement directives were expected to eliminate the use of the pound and ounce, but in 2007 the European Commission abandoned the requirement for metric-only labelling on packaged goods there, and allowed for dual metric–imperial marking to continue indefinitely. IB - What does IB stand for? Luís Seabra Lopes, "Sistemas Legais de Medidas de Peso e Capacidade, do Condado Portucalense ao Século XVI", Units of measurement in France before the French Revolution § Mass, "Notices "Refinement of values for the yard and the pound, "The Dictionary of Medical and Surgical Knowledge", United States. The libra (Latin for "scales / balance") is an ancient Roman unit of mass that was equivalent to approximately 328.9 grams. This arratel was introduced in 1499 by Manuel I, king of Portugal. Since the 19th century, a livre has referred to the metric pound, 500g.