Share. The political scene was dominated by PNP and JLP, with the houses of legislature switching hands between the two throughout the 1950s. It never mattered to us that we were still a colony of Britain, which, at the time, supported the South African Government. In Jamaica, this date is celebrated as Independence Day, a national holiday.. Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been under discussion. The Independence Spectacular will be held without an audience at the National Arena in keeping with the necessary restrictions on gatherings to reduce the spread of the coronavirus. Princess Margaret opened the first session of the Parliament of Jamaica on behalf of The Queen. But, even as we set about achieving those goals and others outlined in Vision 2030, we must not discount the fact that this country — small in geographic size, but huge in world influence — has made significant forward strides since August 1962. accommodating if emailed: advertising@jamaicaobserver.com. 5. However, our advertising department can be more than The latter defeat is attributed to his followers lacking the proper voter qualifications. 3. The island became an imperial colony in 1509 when Spain conquered the Indigenous Arawak people. We will continue to support and fight for justice for the Windrush generation. JAMAICA INDEPENDENCE Dream Weekend 2020 Event Dates: August 5-9, 2020 Room Deposit : $50 per person or $100 Single All Deposits are Non Refundable. jamaican independence day 2020. The Jamaica Observer ePaper is available to you at home or at work, and is the same edition as the printed copy available at http://bit.ly/epaper-login. Many former Spanish slaves used Anglo-Spanish war as a chance to free themselves and fled into the mountainous and forested regions of the colony to join the ranks of surviving Tainos. Uncertain economic conditions troubled the country well into the 1980s. That same year, the UK Parliament officially granted Jamaica independence, and Bustamante became the independent country’s first prime minister. Through these popular opinions Alexander Bustamante, a White native-born moneylender, rose to political prominence[12] and founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union. [20] Jamaica continues to be a Commonwealth realm, with the British monarch, Elizabeth II, remaining as Queen of Jamaica and head of state. [3], After 146 years of Spanish rule, a large group of British sailors and soldiers landed in the Kingston Harbour on 10 May 1655, during the Anglo-Spanish War. Copyright © Refugee and Migrant Centre 2020, West Midlands Web Design by Williams Graphics Ltd. [6] Following negotiations, the Maroons were granted semi-autonomy within their five towns, living under a British supervisor and their native leader. The task of this generation, we suggest, is to get our beloved country to the point where we no longer depend on the charity of other nations, and that we staunch the country's haemorrhaging of our talented educated young professionals. Spanish forces surrendered without much fight on 11 May, many of them fleeing to Spanish Cuba or the northern portion of the island. Early in the 20th century, Marcus Garvey promoted Black nationalism and became the most notable Black leader of his day. Finally, Ray spoke of his own past, introducing other people’s journeys, with others sharing their own history and stories. Despite these accomplishments, the white members of Jamaican colonial society continued to hold the real power. [9] Garvey, to no avail, pleaded with the colonial government to improve living conditions for indigenous peoples in the West Indies. Jamaica's participation in the Federation was unpopular, and the results of the 1961 West Indies referendum held by Premier Manley cemented the colony's withdrawal from the union in 1962. The Caribbean island now known as Jamaica was settled first by hunter-gatherers from the Yucatan and then by two waves of Arawak people from South America. Also please stick to the topic [2] Disappointed by the lack of gold on the island, the Spanish mainly used Jamaica as a military base to supply colonizing efforts in the mainland Americas. On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I offer my sincere congratulations to the people of Jamaica as you celebrate your independence. 6. Highlighting her strength and how much she gave to others. All Rights Reserved. [10] Garvey served a five-year prison sentence at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary for defrauding investors in the league, following which he was deported to Jamaica in November 1927, after having his sentence commuted by President Calvin Coolidge. 1. [13], As Bustamante Industrial Trade Union gained support, a cousin of Alexander Bustamante's,[12] Norman Manley, founded the People's National Party (PNP), a democratic socialist movement which also advocated trade unions. [18], With the independence of Jamaica, the Cayman Islands reverted from being a self-governing territory of Jamaica to direct British rule. Following the killings of plantation owners and their families and the release of slaves by the Maroons, Major-General George Walpole planned to trap the Maroons in Trelawney Town via the use of armed posts and bloodhounds, pushing them to accept peace terms in early January 1796. Fearing British victory, the Maroons accepted open discussions in March. [2], British colonial jurisdiction over the island was quickly established, with the newly renamed Spanish Town named the capital and home of the local House of Assembly, Jamaica's directly elected legislature.[5]. The Spaniards enslaved many of the native people, overworking and harming them to the point that many perished within fifty years of European arrival. As such, we should not be afraid to review the past and use that reflection to ensure that we learn from our mistakes. The Colony of Jamaica gained independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962. We speak here of Jamaica's principled stand against apartheid in South Africa, being the first country to declare a trade embargo against the racist regime there. In 1943, labor leader Alexander Bustamante won an electoral victory and established a new, more liberal constitution. Assisting refugees and migrants through crisis and disadvantage, by removing barriers to their integration and enabling them to become equal citizens. ", In July 1943, Bustamante launched the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), which his opponents brushed aside as just a political label of Bustamante Industrial Trade Union. Jamaica’s Independence Day Press Statement. [16], Under Manley, Jamaica entered the West Indies Federation, a political union of colonial Caribbean islands that, if it had survived, would have united ten British colonial territories into a single, independent state. Jamaicans, moved by the sight of the lowering of the Union Jack and the hoisting of our own national flag, celebrated the historic moment — the dawn of a new nation that, even before Independence, had started punching above its weight in world affairs. As interracial marriage became extremely prevalent, the two racial groups underwent assimilation. Slavery was abolished in the British Empire by the Slavery Abolition Act in 1834.