Subsidiary causes. For Henry VII the problem was simple: if he failed to assert himself at the first opportunity he had to do so, then the probability was that Henry would fall from power. It was only when Lincoln, the Irish leader, Geraldine, and the German mercenary commander were killed that it became clear that the rebels would lose. Lambert Simnel was the son of an organist or possibly a joiner or a baker of Oxford. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. While Henry had the bigger and more experienced and better equipped army, it was by no means absolutely certain he would win. It was against this background that Lambert Simnel emerged in Oxford, for long a town with pronounced Yorkist sympathies. On 24 May 1487, Simnel was crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin as "King Edward VI" but this regnal number was written later when the official story had taken hold. But since he referred to himself as Edward VI, he was not claiming to be her older son, and, if he were claiming to be her younger son, he would have called himself Richard IV. Simnel was pardoned because of his tender years, and was thereafter employed by the Royal household as a scullion, and, later, as a falconer. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His only two big supporters were Oxford and Derby. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. in  Right at the bottom of the blog there are a few general sections covering Tudor government, and a set of past paper questions. Need a reference? He took Simnel to Ireland where there was still support for the Yorkist cause, and presented him to the head of the Irish government, the Earl of Kildare. Henry had 12,000 men to the rebels’ 8,000, but not all were fully committed to his cause. Henry responded by putting the real Edward of Warwick on show, but the Yorkist forces landed in Lancashire. However, most local nobles, with the exception of Sir Thomas Broughton, did not join them. Simnel was paraded through the streets, carried on the shoulders of "the tallest man of the time", an individual called D'Arcy of Platten.[3]. When he grew older, he became a falconer. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? ), impostor and claimant to the English crown, the son of an Oxford joiner, who was a pawn in the conspiracies to restore the Yorkist line after the victory of Henry VII (1485).. A young Oxford priest, Richard Symonds, seeing in the handsome boy some alleged resemblance to Edward IV, determined to exploit him. Attempt by Yorkists to place a pretender on the throne. Simnel, Lambert  Nevertheless, whatever the precise meaning of Vergil’s text, an independent source provides incontestable evidence that Lambert Simnel lived until at least … All rights reserved. 1535). A young Oxford priest, Richard Symonds, seeing in the handsome boy some alleged resemblance to Edward IV, determined to exploit him. Duration. His commanders were his uncle, Jasper, Duke of Bedford, and the Earl of Oxford who had presided over the victory at Bosworth. Lincoln and Thomas FitzGerald were killed. Simnel became the figurehead of a Yorkist rebellion organised by John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln.The rebellion was crushed in 1487. Margaret collected 2,000 Flemish mercenaries and shipped them to Ireland under the command of Martin Schwartz, a noted military leader of the time. In 2006 Steeleye Span's album Bloody Men included a song, The Story of the Scullion King, about Simnel. Then each of the main rebellions is dealt with in chronological order – for each you'll find basic details, a short narrative designed to help you get the outline of events straight in your minds, and then some mostly quick-and-dirty analysis. History His wife and son joined him there. John de la Pole, 1st Earl of Lincoln, formerly the designated successor of his uncle the late King Richard III, joined the conspiracy against Henry VII. He seemed to be a puppet for foreign interests, Yorkist leadership very weak after Bosworth, eg Duke of Norfolk was killed there, Henry’s treatment of the Yorkist nobility after Bosworth was effective. Simnel was captured and put into the king’s service in the royal kitchens. Almost no information about his later life is known. Location. (1428—1471) magnate, See all related overviews in Oxford Reference Simnel was the student of an Oxford priest, Richard Symonds, who saw in him some resemblance to the family of Richard III. For the racehorse, see. [4] He was about 10 years old. Henry VII met it at Stoke, near Newark, and was victorious. Lovell went missing; there were rumours that he had escaped to Scotland with Sir Thomas Broughton and hidden to avoid retribution. In the 2017 Starz miniseries The White Princess, Simnel is portrayed by Max True. He was joined there by Viscount Lovell. He was acclaimed by Gerald Fitzgerald, Earl of Kildare, who had been Lord Deputy – de facto ruler of Ireland – since 1479. He confiscated land but allowed men such as the Earl of Surrey to prove their loyalty and regain their property. Few were executed or left without hope. Simnel’s claim was supported by the Earl of Lincoln, who had been the Yorkist heir in Richard’s reign; many historians suspect he planned to claim the throne himself. Rebellion & Disorder Under the Tudors, 1485-1603 is a British A-level historical themes paper. Lambert Simnel (c. 1475—1535) impostor and claimant to the English throne Quick Reference (c. 1475 –c. This limited the number desperate enough to rebel. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. He also met Viscount Lovell, who had supported a failed Yorkist uprising in 1486. It therefore seems more probable that the bestowing of the Dowager Queen’s property on her daughter had other causes. See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish History: Biographies. His school master, a priest named Richard or possibly William, Symonds, took him to Ireland where he was presented as Edward, Earl of Warwick, according to Polydore Vergil, the historian of Henry VII’s reign. Lincoln, Lovell and Schwartz arrived in Dublin in May, just before Simnel was crowned as King Edward VI at Christ Church, Dublin on 24th May 1487. Meanwhile, Henry had propitiated heaven by a quick trip to the shrine of the Virgin at Walsingham in Norfolk, before heading to Kenilworth Castle – a convenient central location for him to wait to be informed of the rebels’ path. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Symonds took his charge to Ireland where the Yorkist interest was strong and where Simnel was crowned at Dublin as King Edward VI. Lincoln was killed, Lovell disappeared, and Simnel was captured. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Ireland; invasion of England through Lancashire. The battle was close. Lambert Simnel, a boy of ten, was used by others to reassert the House of York’s claim to the throne. Title: FORMATTEDandproofedLWD23Jan_lambertsimnelsmith.doc.rtf Author: Wendy Moorhen Created Date: 20060126165819Z Simnel, one of the many pretenders to the throne of Henry VII, was put forward as Edward, earl of Warwick, nephew of Richard III. The names of two pretenders stand out when considering this issue, Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. Lincoln claimed that he had taken part in young Warwick's supposed escape. This site helps you prepare to sit the exam. If you want to show Simnel was not a threat. Different sources have different claims of his parentage, from a baker and tradesman to organ builder. He died some time between 1525 and 1535. Henry VII, moreover, had a very weak claim to it; his greatest advantage over the Yorkists was that almost all of the claimants on the Yorkist side were dead. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Francis Lovell, Viscount Lovell, English politician, supporter of King Richard III in the dynastic struggles of the 1480s; he led the first rebellion against Richard’s enemy and successor Henry VII and took part in the later rising of the impostor. According to James A. Williamson, Simnel was merely a figurehead for a rebellion that was already being planned by the Yorkists: He was merely a commonplace tool to be used for important ends, and the attempt to overthrow Henry VII would have taken place had Simnel never existed. Kildare was willing to support the story and invade England to overthrow King Henry. Henry VII ), impostor and claimant to the English crown, the son of an Oxford joiner, who was a pawn in the conspiracies to restore the Yorkist line after the victory of Henry VII (1485). The fact that the He seems to have married, as he is probably the father of Richard Simnel, a canon of St Osyth's Priory in Essex during the reign of Henry VIII.[6]. Simnel's army—mainly Flemish and Irish troops—landed on Piel Island in the Furness area of Lancashire on 5 June 1487 and were joined by some English supporters. Lambert Simnel (c. 1477 – c. 1525) was a pretender to the throne of England.In 1487, his claim to be Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick threatened the newly established reign of Henry VII (who reigned 1485–1509). "Lovell, Francis". Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Proponents of the theory of Elizabeth Woodville’s involvement have never explained why she would favour the son of Clarence, whom she had hated, over her own daughter and grandson, Prince Arthur, to whom she was also god-mother. He tutored the boy in courtly manners and contemporaries described the boy as handsome. Many captured Irish troops were hanged, but the king chose to punish the other Yorkist leaders with fines rather than arrests. In considering the first factor, a serious rival to Henry, the central weakness of the pretenders is exposed. ( Log Out /  In 1487, his claim to be Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick threatened the newly established reign of Henry VII (who reigned 1485–1509). Little is known of his early life, but before 1486 he caught the attention of … Updates? November 23, 2014 July 15, 2016 / Mike Dash. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lambert-Simnel-English-pretender, History Learning Site - The Lambert Simnel Rebellion. Rebellion took place early in Henry’s reign; few actively supported him and the Battle of East Stoke was pretty closely fought. Lambert Simnel (vers 1477 - vers 1525) était un enfant dont on fit un prétendant au trône d'Angleterre.Avec Perkin Warbeck, il fut un des deux imposteurs qui menacèrent le trône du roi Henri VII (1485-1509) pendant la dernière partie du XV e siècle The Irish troops, who had no armour, suffered badly, and several thousand died on both sides. In 1486, the rumour that the “princes in the Tower,” Edward’s children, were still alive, suggested that Simnel might be passed off as one of them. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It’s very notable that no major English noble declared for Simnel and that the rebels failed to raise enthusiasm for their cause despite landing in the Yorkist heartland only two years into Henry VII’s reign and touring widely – Simnel marched through England for two weeks.