else if (theme == 'About Us') { Life expectancy is a population-based statistical measure of the average number of years a person has before death. hs.showCredits = false; } else { Each national life table is based on population estimates, births and deaths for a period of three consecutive years. This is because these measures are less influenced by infant and child mortality. Actual longevity is based on many factors, not all of which are captured here. var d = new Date(); This is the latest release. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. } "static": false, } } else if (theme == 'Statistics' || theme == 'Releases and Publications') { While the national life tables are based on an average of three consecutive years of data, for the second consecutive year we have also published single-year life tables. if (e == "allow") { In previous publications, these revisions have not been taken into account in historical life tables. Period life expectancy is the average number of additional years a person would expect to live if he or she experienced the age-specific mortality rates of the given area and time period for the rest of their life. Life expectancy at age 65 years was 18.8 years for males and 21.1 years for females, with an improvement of 6.3 weeks for both males and females in comparison with 2016 to 2018. Estimates for Life Expectancy at birth are now available nationwide for virtually every community in America. For example, in 1980 in Great Britain, 42.4% of men aged over 16 years smoked compared with 36.8% of women; in 2019, this had reduced to 17.9% of men and 13.8% of women. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, /peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/lifeexpectancies/bulletins/nationallifetablesunitedkingdom/2017to2019, Figure 1: Increases in life expectancy in the UK have slowed down since 2011, Figure 2: Recent improvements in life expectancy at birth have been lower relative to before 2011, but in 2017 to 2019 they were the highest observed in the last five years, Figure 3: Single-year life tables show improvements in UK life expectancy in 2019 were the highest since 2011, Figure 4: Life expectancy at birth for males and females in 2017 to 2019 continued to show a slowdown of improvements across the UK constituent countries, Figure 5: Slight improvements in life expectancy were recorded for most across UK constituent countries, Figure 6: The countries of the UK have seen low life expectancy improvements during 2011 to 2018 compared with selected OECD countries, Figure 7: Improvements in life expectancy at age 65 years in the UK have slowed down since 2011, Figure 8: Improvements in life expectancy at age 65 years have risen since 2016 to 2018, Figure 9: UK constituent countries experienced a variety of life expectancy improvements at age 65 years between 2016 to 2018 and 2017 to 2019, International comparisons of annual life expectancy improvements, Life expectancy at age 65 years in the UK, National life tables – life expectancy in the UK data, National life tables, UK: 2016 to 2018 bulletin, high numbers of deaths caused by pneumonia occurred, Life expectancy for local areas of the UK: between 2001 to 2003 and 2017 to 2019, Past and projected period and cohort life tables, 2018-based, UK: 1981 to 2068, Estimates of the very old, including centenarians, UK: 2002 to 2019, Guide to calculating national life tables, Life expectancy releases and their different uses, life expectancy releases and their different uses, Where to find statistics on UK deaths involving the coronavirus (COVID-19) and infection rates by country, Changing trends in mortality: a cross-UK comparison, 1981 to 2016, Changing trends in mortality: an international comparison: 2000 to 2016, National life tables – life expectancy in the UK. Trends in period life expectancy, a measure of the average number of years people will live beyond their current age, analysed by age and sex for the UK and its constituent countries. } } Mortality rates rose in 2015 because of high excess winter mortality in the winter of 2014 to 2015, when atypically high numbers of deaths caused by pneumonia occurred. Following decades of steady increases in life expectancy in the UK, a marked slowdown in the rate of improvements has been observed since 2011. Figure 2 shows the annual improvements in life expectancy at birth in the UK measured in weeks per year between 1981 to 1983 and 2017 to 2019. If those aged 65 years were to experience the same age-specific mortality rates seen in 2017 to 2019 for the rest of their lives, a 65-year-old male could expect to live on average for a further 18.8 years and a female for 21.1 years, which represent the highest life expectancies at age 65 years ever observed in the UK (Figure 7). These differences are referred to as “improvements” because life expectancy typically increases year on year. Figure 6 shows that of the 21 selected countries, England, Wales and Scotland experienced some of the lowest average annual life expectancy improvements during the period 2011 to 2018. }, This electronic publication contains life tables comprising life expectancy and related estimates by age and sex for Canada, the provinces and territories. window['ga-disable-UA-4963963-4'] = true; A possible explanation for the convergence of life expectancy improvements between the sexes is that, following decades of healthier lifestyles and safer working conditions, males have narrowed the life expectancy gap with females to 3.7 years. This is because estimates of the very old are revised each year to improve accuracy, as new data become available. In 2017 to 2019, a new-born male in the UK had a 21.7% chance of living to age 90 years, while a new-born female had a 32.9% chance. $(".cc-link").click(function (e) { Find information about life expectancy, learn more about trends, and see charts and graphs, Find downloadable tables and results about life expectancy, NCHS Data Visualization: Life Expectancy Trends. For Figure 6, life expectancies were obtained from the Human Mortality Database (HMD) for countries other than the UK. We would like to use cookies to collect information about how you use ons.gov.uk. National life tables: Wales Dataset | Released 24 September 2020 Period life expectancy by age and sex for Wales. "background": "#35456B", This is because infant and child mortality was slightly lower than the UK average for females in Wales between 2014 to 2016 and 2016 to 2018, before rising closer to the UK average in 2017 to 2019. They showed a life expectancy at birth of 78.4 years for men, and 82.8 years for women. Tables are published annually. "message": "

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This website uses cookies to improve your experience and to monitor the site traffic. " /> For more information on the various ONS life expectancy releases and their uses please see Life expectancy releases and their different uses. National life tables – life expectancy in the UK: 2017 to 2019. $("#cookie-consent-status-toggle").prop("checked", true) })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); England continued to have the highest life expectancy at birth for males and females, while Scotland continued to have the lowest for both sexes. How Does Cause of Death Contribute to the Hispanic Mortality Advantage in the United States? They can give a more granular and up-to-date perspective on whether mortality patterns are improving, worsening or staying in equilibrium than three-year average life tables. Hide. UK life expectancy at age 90 years was 4.1 years for males, remaining unchanged from 2016 to 2018, and 4.7 years for females, which shows a small improvement of 0.1 years. Tables are published annually. Did you know that life expectancy varies by neighborhood? $(document).ready(function () { ", Edward Morgan, Centre for Ageing and Demography, Office for National Statistics, Follow Centre for Ageing and Demography on Twitter @RichPereira_ONS. $("#databasesTab").addClass("currentbranch0"); "deny": "Reject", window.location.href = window.location.pathname; // alert('I am here'); Researchers looking for downloadable Excel files of Life Tables can use the following links to access our FTP server and locate available tables by year: Death Rates and Life Expectancy at Birth – This dataset of U.S. mortality trends since 1900 highlights the differences in Age-adjusted death rates and life expectancy at birth by race and sex. However, the gap in improvements between males and females began to narrow from 2013 to 2015, and in 2017 to 2019 life expectancy improvement was slightly greater for females (an increase of 7.3 weeks) than for males (an increase of 6.3 weeks). National life tables are based on three consecutive years of data (in this case 2017, 2018 and 2019) to reduce the effect of annual fluctuations in the number of deaths caused by seasonal events such as "flu". It should be noted that these increases are based only on current mortality rates and do not account for future improvements in mortality, which are examined in Past and projected period and cohort life tables, 2018-based, UK: 1981 to 2068. We have also published single-year life tables alongside our three-year average life tables. National life tables: UK Dataset | Released 24 September 2020 Period life expectancy by age and sex for the UK. Countries with a similar level of economic development to the UK were selected for which period life expectancy at birth data for 2018 were available in the Human Mortality Database at the time of publishing this bulletin.