Rat snakes breed in the spring and the female deposits about 15 eggs in rotting wood in late summer. The Black Rat Snake is a proficient climber. Timber rattlesnakes are probably the most common in Iowa as they are in most areas of the east. It's easily recognizable from other Iowa snakes as its back has no markings and its belly is pink. While the young rat snakes eat mainly cold-blooded prey, the adults stick to majorly warm-blooded prey. [1], There are 13 species of turtle in Iowa. Their throat and neck are bright yellow and they have no head or dorsal markings. Eastern Hognose Snake: This snake might act like a cobra when alarmed, but have no fear, bites are rare and they are not considered venomous. Gopher Snake: This snake is more commonly called a bull snake and is Iowa's largest snake species. Former names include black rat snake, Scotophis obsoletus, Elaphe obsoleta. Nonvenomous and unknown to bite, the western hognose snake's method of defense is to hide its head under its coils. Adults are glossy black above with white lips, chin, and throat. However, when found, copperhead snakes are commonly seen on rock outcroppings and have only been spotted in a tiny area of southeastern Iowa. Western Ribbon Snake: A type of garter snake, the western ribbon snake is 20 to 30 inches long. When approached, western rat snakes usually remain motionless. Dorsally, the body is black or brown with white, yellow, or red in between the scales and sometimes on the scale tips as well. See Preferred Pest Control's Coronavirus Action Plan. The Black Rat Snake is a proficient climber. They can swim and climb trees very easily, so it is likely that you might find them resting on a tree branch or crossing a river. Western Worm Snake (Carphophis vermis)North American Racer (Coluber constrictor)Ringneck Snake (Diadophis punctatus)Plains Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon nasicus)Eastern Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)Prairie Kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster) When you buy a Rat snake from us, you automatically receive our … Rat snakes are members – along with kingsnakes, milk snakes, vine snakes and indigo snakes – of the subfamily Colubrinae of the family Colubridae. Copperhead's do tend to bite, however, their venom is mild and rarely is fatal for humans. Copperbelly Water Snake Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta. Mice, chipmunks, voles, shrews, even full grown squirrels have been reported in the western rat snakes diet. They live mainly in forested areas in southern Iowa and along the Mississippi River. New England south to North Carolina and Georgia (inland), west through Illinois to Iowa, and south to northern Louisiana. Prairie Rattlesnake: Found only in Plymouth County, this rare Iowa species IS venomous. But don't pick them up because some will bite. Iowa has 28 species of snakes. Graham's Crayfish Snake: This snake is 18 to 28 inches long. 2020 Amphibians and Reptiles of Iowa, A Complete Field Guide of Iowa Herpetology. They may be found on the north and east sides of bluffs; while other snake species prefer the warmer side of the bluff. It's seven inches long and ranges in color from blue to purple to black. Snakes of Iowa. The following pictures and information about Iowa snakes focuses on the less well known species. The other two rattlesnake species, the Massasauga and Prairie Rattlesnake, have very limited ranges in west Iowa. Western Hognose Snake: This is a medium sized snake that ranges from 15 to 39 inches and is very rare as it has lost much of its natural sandy prairie habitat. They are one of the few Iowa snakes that are actually found in deep woodland areas. Lizards. If threatened, this snake will bite repeatedly, release musk and fecal matter. The eastern garter snake is likely to bite when handled but is not venomous. Their length ranges from 37 to 72 inches and along their back are speckled blotches. Rat Snakes for Sale. This is Iowa's most common snake, found in all different environments in all 99 counties. As temperatures become warmer, snakes begin to move about and come out of their burrows. When the Eastern racer feels threatened they will rarely bite, instead slither away and go into a burrow. Western rat snakes are excellent climbers and are able to climb the trunk of large mature trees without the aid of branches; they are also good swimmers. The color around the blotches may be red or yellowish in color. Although they can appear dangerous because of their hissing, vibrating their tails, and puffing out their bodies, the gopher snake is not venomous. If you find one of these snakes, DO NOT pick them up because their bite (even a reaction movement hours after death) can be fatal. However, the prairie kingsnake is helpful to have around farmland because they eat other snakes, mice and other pests. In Iowa, this snake is found throughout the blufflands all along the Mississippi River and slightly inland the east, and in forested areas of southern Iowa. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Sistrurus … They are nonvenomous and feed on mice, bird eggs, earthworms and small amphibians. Brown Snake: This small Iowa species is only 13 to 18 inches long and has simple markings. The first is dark brown with one light mid dorsal stripe and the other is a shade of gray with four black or red stripes running from its head to its tail. During its life, this snake takes on two different colored skins. Smooth Green Snake: With its bright, emerald green color, you won't mistake the smooth green snake for another species. Here are our flawless rat snakes for sale at the absolute lowest prices anywhere. The young will feed on frogs, especially treefrogs, lizards, and young mice. A western rat snake, Pantherophis obsoletus, from Jackson County, Iowa. A western rat snake, Pantherophis obsoletus, from Van Buren County, Iowa. Speckled Kingsnake: At 36 to 48 inches long, the speckled serpent slithers around pairies, open grasslands and streams in southern Iowa. Rat snakes live in a variety of habitats ranging from a rocky hillside to flat farmland. These are some of the most popular reptile pets in the world due to their docile nature, hardiness, and natural beauty. Please help us keep it up to date by reporting your sightings to HerpMapper. The weather was hot and sunny. Smooth Earth Snake: This small snake measures only 7 to 10 inches and is plain brown in color. When not fully grown, rat snakes are prey to many animals, including other snakes. Ringneck Snake: Like its name indicates, the ringneck snake is identifiable by a yellow or orange ring around its neck. They live in secretive areas under rocks or logs in southern Iowa and do not present any danger. The common name timber suggests they are found in the eastern and southern areas of the state. Bullsnake Pituophis catenifer sayi. This is sad because these harmless snakes are excellent controllers of rodent populations. They are diurnal even during hot weather, though they do move at night on occasion. This association gave rise to one of its common names, Pilot black snake, and the superstition that this nonvenomous species led the venomous ones to the den. The belly is generally light colored with a dark checkered pattern. They are not venomous and live in all areas of the state except the northwestern part of Iowa. They live mainly in forested areas in southern Iowa and along the Mississippi River. They are not dangerous. No worries though, this serpent is nonvenomous and feeds solely on insects and rarely bites. Black rat snake, Pilot black snake, Black snake, Black chicken snake, Black coluber, Chicken snake, Mountain black snake, Mountain pilot snake, Pilot, Rat snake, Rusty black snake, Scaly black snake, Cow snake, Schwartze Schlange, sleepy John, White-throa.