The brittleness of the spring “ready to snap” adds a tension to the poem, suggesting that the mental state of the speaker has become unstable. Like the cat, a child surreptitiously and automatically follows his or her desire for a toy. Submitted On October 07, 2010. She is a gentle presence in the world. His imagination has left the street to linger on the beach and then in a factory yard. Often considered one of Eliot's most difficult poems, "Rhapsody" is above … Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Your IP: 91.121.160.107 There are a number of elements of this piece which create a feeling of unity in the text, one of the most important of these is time. Half-past one, Half-past three, The lamp said, "Four o'clock, What is the most likely explanation for these repeated references? The logic of this follows the poetic techniques of Imagism, a movement founded by Eliot’s friend Ezra Pound. Not affiliated with Harvard College. With the progression of time, it asks the speaker to “Remark” or again, notice, “the cat” that is flat in the gutter. It is “high and dry” and hard to recover. He is at the correct doorway, has the right key, and goes inside. She has an interesting, and perhaps foreboding expression. “Lunar” is used again in the fourth line and is connected to “incantations” or whisperings that the speaker is saying aloud. There are many time references in "Rhapsody on a Windy Night," such as Twelve o'clock. The image of the ‘broken spring in a factory yard’, covered with rust, suggests a loss of energy and vitality – this coiled spring that was once capable of bouncing and contracting and expanding is now abandoned, useless, without life. As if there is nothing else to eat, and it must resort to the worst helpings the street has to offer. Memory is seen as something lost, found, and twisted. Another hour down the line, at half-past three, and the lamp speaks again. She is kindly, but lost, as she “smiles into corners” and “smooths the hair of the grass.” The craters of the moon are figured as pox marks. You can read ‘Rhapsody on a Windy Night’ here. It occurs when lines are grammatically similar to one another. And indeed ‘memory’ is a key word for ‘Rhapsody on a Windy Night’: the word occurs five times in the poem, including the first stanza and the final one (before that standalone concluding line, that is). It is of interest to anyone studying novels or poetry at advanced or degree level, as well as readers interested in exploring a certain work in greater depth. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The narrator can't sleep and checks his watch often. Rhapsody on a Windy Night - Twelve o'clock. Night is personified in order to show its importance to the speaker, and the geranium is added into the text as it is has symbolized at points, folly, or foolishness. The lamp continues to direct him on how to conduct his evening routine. This stanza is a meditation on memory, which, like the sea, “throws up high and dry” sense impressions, after consuming and breaking them. “Rhapsody on a Windy Night” twists the romantic expectation of poetry to create a despairing view of life in the modern city. This appears to be the vestiges of a romance that has passed, something that the moon holds onto after she has lost her memory of it. The poem begins at twelve o’clock AM and ends at 4:00 AM. In a simile, the speaker associates the street lamps with drums beating, which means that they have a rhythm; they are either flickering or simply creating an alternation of light and dark as he passes. These lines are something of an interlude in the story, showing that time is passing and darkness and madness remain. The philosopher's theories on time and his attempts at defining the nature of past, present, and future manifest themselves in several of the Prufrock poems, especially 'Rhapsody', which is usually regarded as reworking some of Bergson's ideas; therefore an understanding of them is useful when evaluating Eliot's own attitudes to the present. In the first part of the sixth stanza the speaker returns to the lamps again. The street lamp provides light, illuminating the darkness and allowing the speaker to see a series of vignettes. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The concept of time plays an important role in 'Rhapsody on a Windy Night'. In another simile, he relates what the night is doing to his memory, “shaking” it, disorienting it, to a madman shaking a “dead geranium.” He is describing lunacy, or temporary insanity brought on by changes in the moon.