Early garbage collection in Scarborough was performed by individual communities and dumped in local landfills which were located in nearby ravines. Year-to-date Statistics, 1997-2006. The city's religious makeup also includes Islam with 5.5% (including large number of Sunni and Ahmadiyya members), Hinduism (4.1%), Judaism (3.5%), Buddhism (2.1%), Sikhism (1%), and other communities; 16.6% reported no religious affiliation.[42]. The first real population boom came during the Great Irish Famine, East Asian: 12.7% (10.8% Chinese, 1.4% Korean, 0.5% Japanese), Aborginal: 0.7% (0.5% First Nations, 0.2% Metis). The inaugural inductees included National Basketball Association player Jamaal Magloire, Olympic gold medalist Vicky Sunohara, and eight prominent residents who contributed to advances in medicine, arts, and the community. [62] In 1953, the Metropolitan Separate School Board, now known as the Toronto Catholic District School Board was formed to operate public anglophone separate schools in Metropolitan Toronto. Toronto and Scarboro' Electric Railway, Light and Power Company, Educational institutions in Scarborough, Ontario, List of reeves and mayors of Scarborough, Ontario, amalgamated into a single City of Toronto, Ministry of Government and Consumer Services (Ontario), "A cheeky look at the rump of Toronto: Shhh on the S-word, coupled with crime, councillors say", "Public Register of Arms, Flags, and Badges of Canada", "Map of Slo-Pitch Parks& Slo-Pitch Diamonds", Toronto and Region Conservation Authority, Canadian climate normals for 1971 to 2000, "City of Toronto Neighbourhood Profiles:Scarborough", "Trinity Ravine Towers Toronto's Newest 55 Plus Christian Lifestyle Community", "Scarborough Retirement Homes & Communities For Seniors", "With Hiring Scarborough Renews Focus On Seniors And Youth", https://www.toronto.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/8f80-City_Planning_2016_Census_Profile_2014_Wards_CCA_Scarborough.pdf, "Police bring message of safety to 42 Division meeting", "Scarborough Tries To Clear Its "Crime" Rep", "City of Toronto's community economic profile for Scarborough", "Innovation Performance—The Greater Toronto Area Region", "Amazon Expands in Ontario with New Fulfillment Centre in Scarborough", "Agincourt Collegiate Institute's Website", "Pre-November 2003 Community Councils History", "2008 Scarborough Community Council Agendas and Minutes", "Scarborough Subway Extension Project Phases", "Toronto city council sticks with subway, rejects Scarborough LRT", "Frank J. Horgan plant in Scarborough, Ontario gets upgrade", Scarborough Historical Society and Scarborough Archives, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scarborough,_Toronto&oldid=981382098, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 23:57. Buddhists (2.7%), Hindu (5.6%), Judaism(3.8%), Sikh (0.8%), Aboriginal spirituality (0.03%) and "Other religions" (0.5%) were also included.[41]. The number of aldermen was increased to 14 and the term of office extended to three years from two. Compared to the City of Toronto as a whole, industry in Scarborough is similar in all labour force categories, save for manufacturing which is higher in Scarborough, and professional, scientific and technical services which are lower. [49] Scarborough has also produced athletes that excel in various sports like Andre De Grasse, Dwayne De Rosario, Rowan Barret, Anson Carter, Jamal Magloire, and Paul Tracy. Toronto added 38,000 people in 2013, compared to just 11,000 in Chicago. [50], In 1974, the Toronto Zoo was moved from its original downtown location to its current location in the Rouge River valley. [34], As of the 2016 census, Asians (both immigrants from the continent of Asia and their Canadian-born descendants) make up the majority of the population at 55.6%. Scarborough still exists in name and as a borough of Toronto. Scarborough is home to an earthen escarpment formation known as the Scarborough Bluffs. [11], In the 17th century, the area was inhabited by the Seneca at the village of Ganatsekwyagon,[12] who were later displaced by the Mississaugas, who were themselves displaced by the settlers who began to arrive in the late 18th century. Scarborough is a former borough of the former Metropolitan Toronto, and as such, its economy is an integral component of the economy of Toronto. This area was developed as a city centre under the old City of Scarborough government. Data for violent crime was summarized for 1st and 2nd degree murder, manslaughter, attempted murder, sexual assaults, and all other assaults and totaled for Divisions 41, 42, and 43. In 1998, the board was merged with the other Metro boards to form the Toronto District School Board. During the American Revolutionary War, the area saw a large influx of British settlers, and the British negotiated the Toronto Purchase in 1787 to secure 1,000 square kilometers of land in the area. Scarborough's council consisted of a mayor, 14 local councillors and six Metro councillors.[15]. In addition to primary and secondary schools, two post-secondary institutions were established in Scarborough. As of 2013[update], Scarborough's Mary Ward Catholic Secondary School is one of two self-directed learning schools in Ontario, and one of seven in Canada. This led to the creation of a transit line. A waste transfer site was constructed near Markham Road and Sheppard Avenue East. Scarborough Population Demographics As previously mentioned, the town’s population is over 61,000. For the City of Toronto, the corresponding figure stood at 50.0%[48]. During the Great Depression the local government was on the verge of bankruptcy. It is the most populous city in Canada and the largest urban and metro area, with a population density of 4,149.5 people per square kilometer (10,750/sq mi). The highway, known as the Scarborough Expressway, was cancelled due to public opposition. In 1954, the Scarborough Board of Education was established to operate the English-language, secular public schools in Scarborough. Scarborough elected two councillors. In 1967 waste collection was reorganized. Service continued along this line until 1936 when it was replaced by bus service. Through the late 19th century and early 20th century, more immigrants came to Toronto, including Italians, French, Germans, and Jews, and later Poles, Russians, Chinese and others. It was the first vocational college to open in Ontario. Toronto Police Service. Nike Canada donated $500,000 to build the complex, which includes a basketball court, a practice soccer pitch, and a running track. It runs at grade for two stops until Ellesmere Road where it becomes elevated until it reaches its terminus at McCowan Road. The new borough's council consisted of the mayor and four members of the board of control (which functioned as an executive committee). [15], As the urban area continued to expand, much of rural Scarborough was converted to suburban housing developments in the last third of the 20th century. [16] After incorporation, Scarborough government was led by a reeve, a deputy-reeve and three councillors, each elected annually. Members of Christian Orthodox churches accounted for 4.9%, and other Christians (those not specifically identifying as Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) formed 3.9%. One of the more notable among these is the heavy concentration of Chinese businesses and restaurants in the Agincourt neighbourhood. [38], In 2008, councillors Norm Kelly and Michael Thompson argued that the media was distorting how crime was reported in Scarborough. [15], On April 15, 1953, Scarborough was included within Metropolitan Toronto, a new upper level of municipal government with jurisdiction over regional services such as arterial roads and transit, police, and ambulance services. The area has become one of Toronto's new secondary business districts outside of Downtown Toronto. [26] The three ridings with the largest increase in population between 2006 and 2011 in the City of Toronto have been. [56], Scarborough is one of the prominent destinations for Sri Lankan Tamils in the Greater Toronto Area, who came from Sri Lanka during the civil war. According to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), 1,264,395 non-Whites, or 20.2% of Canada's visible minority population, live in the city of Toronto; of this, approximately 70 percent are of Asian ancestry. [52] Private clubs include the Toronto Hunt Club which was the first golf course in Scarborough, established in 1895 alongside Lake Ontario. Six additional metro council positions were created and these were elected separately for the first time. In 1847 Egerton Ryerson recommended that 11 school districts be created. Maps of Toronto's population by ethnicity, language, income and other characteristics. At the start of the 21st century, growth occurred along the Highway 401 corridor at the northern end of the Scarborough RT; highrise condominium projects have increased the residential density around Scarborough City Centre. The track was constructed from 50,000 used running shoes. After amalgamation with Toronto, community councils were formed to process issues considered local to their community. Foreign-born people account for nearly half of the population of Toronto. Year-to-date Statistics, 1997-2006. [36] Murder rates for Scarborough and Toronto show no particular trend. [15], Both Agincourt Collegiate Institute and R. H. King Academy claim to be the oldest secondary schools in Scarborough. In 2013, Toronto's population overtook Chicago's, taking its place as the 4th largest city in North America with a population of 2.79 million to Chicago's 2.7 million. Ming Pao Daily News is a Chinese-language newspaper whose headquarters are in Scarborough. This arrangement lasted until 2010 when garbage was sent to the new Green Lane landfill site in Elgin County. Scarborough retained its local council but gained representation on a new Metro Council. Scarborough residents have developed their own unique sense of humour, as evidenced by Myers, whose Wayne's World character was inspired by growing up in the area. [48] Scarborough has also been the home of prominent hip hop artists, including Maestro Fresh-Wes, Choclair, Kardinal Offishall, Saukrates, and the group BrassMunk. [16][17][15] [63]. [21] Due to the location of the Lakeshore CN railway right-of-way, both river deltas are constricted to narrow channels where they flow into the lake. It shrank in size at the close of the last ice age. Feeding the rapid transit stations are the extensive bus routes operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) in Scarborough. [41] Notable companies that have their headquarters in Scarborough include Toyota Canada, Owens Corning (Toronto), Elizabeth Grant International, Enterprise Holdings, Inc., Thomson Carswell, Bell Media, Teva Canada, Cinram, Royal Doulton, SKF, Amphenol, Dart Canada, Mastermind Toys, Alfa Laval, President's Choice Financial, Aviva, Yellow Pages Group, Telus, and Lee Kum Kee Canada. The coat of arms of Scarborough was adopted when the borough became a city on June 29, 1983. [44] Census tracts (and hence ward and neighbourhood) data is not yet available. [53] and the Scarboro Golf and Country Club was established in 1912. Besides those registered in the "other Christian" category there were other Christian denominations who were also registered in the census, including Anglicans (3.8%), Baptists (1.4%), Christian Orthodox (4.3%), Lutheran (0.6%), Pentecostal (1.6%), Presbyterian (1.5%), and United Church (3%). Conditions vary based on proximity to the lake, with fog more common in the south and areas close to the lake noticeably cooler on hot summer days. From there garbage was trucked to the Keele Valley dump in Vaughan and the Brock Road dump in Pickering.