For a very long time now I've been using "it's" as the possessive form for "it". Practically all native speakers would not consider this and simply say Daniel's HR Department for simplicity's sake. The woman’s coat is red.. This rule also applies to the possessive form of it, which is its. The possessive can also express where someone works, studies or spends time. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. The combination of the preposition of and a possessive form—either a noun ending in -'s or a possessive pronoun—is called a double genitive (or double possessive). The men’s curling match will take place at 2:00, and the women’s will take place at 5:00. "It's" seems a lot more like a possessive. What Is a Double Genitive (And Is There Anything Wrong With It)? How to Use and Recognize Partitive Genitive Case in Latin, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, Key Events in the History of the English Language, The Genitive Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, Overview of the Genitive Singular in Latin Declensions, Latin Nouns of the Second Declension Endings, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. the bag of a student = a student’s bag the orbits of the planets = the planets’ orbits. . He was late for work because his car did not start this morning. When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the name. A Plural Possessive noun is a noun that possesses something. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. These names form their possessive as normal: Marx's theories. Written by Mairi Cowan, University College Writing Centre. A Christmas Carol is probably Dickens’  / Dickens’s best loved work. But watch out. Finally, consider Martin Endley's demonstration of how the double genitive can be used to draw distinctions: All the same, if the double genitive troubles you, just follow the example of linguists Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum and call it something else: "The oblique genitive construction is commonly referred to as the 'double genitive.' In this unit, students are encouraged to write letters to family and friends about a book they are reading. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. In the opposite case of a name which ends in a silent s, the possessive is usually formed by adding an apostrophe in writing, but the apostrophe causes the silent s to be pronounced: Camus' novels [the final -s in Camus is not silent here] The possessive form of who is whose.What is the equivalent possessive form of which?. Classical names ending in s as well as names ending with an s and an “iz” sound traditionally use only an apostrophe to mark possession. I’ve searched the net with the words “possessive forms”, “possessive forms ending”, “possessive without noun”, “possessive omitting noun”, “possessive pronoun”, and other related words to find the correct possessive form that is without following noun (like others’, the book’s, the car’s. In Early Modern English, the nominative (subject) form of the second person plural was ye.The rest of the forms of the second person plural are still in use: you (objective), your (genitive), your (possessive). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Virtue is its own reward. As Theodore Bernstein says in Miss Thistlebottom's Hobgoblins (1971), "the double genitive is of long standing, idiomatic, useful and here to stay.". There have been some people that have said "its" is the possessive form, but I'm not sure if that's true. Take a good look at the following sentence: If this sentence strikes you as extremely possessive, you're on the right track. And while it may appear overly possessive, the construction has been around for centuries and it's perfectly correct. Is that your house? Earth Science Environmental Science Organic Chemistry ... What is the correct singular possessive form of brother-in-law? The first option is more common. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. There are also some fixed expressions where the possessive form is used. it has something. All rights reserved. Example: An image is read and sent to the function, which's output is displayed. The possessive can express intangible things as well. Possessive pronouns generally do not use an apostrophe to indicate possession. © EF Education First 2020. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. In most cases, a possessive noun is formed by adding an apostrophe +s to the noun, or if the noun is plural and already ends in s, only an apostrophe needs to be added. Note: it’s is not a possessive but a contraction (short form) for it is. All the soldiers’ / soldiers’s uniforms were torn. A noun can be made possessive when it could also have of a or of the preceding it. Back in 1767, he tried to outlaw the double genitive: Keep in mind, as pointed out in Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, that the "18th-century grammarians simply had a horror of anything double, because such constructions did not occur in Latin." The possessive can express a relationship between people. Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is preferred. A singular noun is usually made possessive by adding ’s to the end of the word.. Most proper names are made possessive by adding ’s to the end.. Wong’s argument is compelling. = They are, For God's sake! It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. (= exclamation of exasperation). Herodotus’ sense of history is still with us today. the Smiths's house (or the Smiths' house), America has some gold reserves. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. A plural noun that ends in a letter other than s can be made possessive by adding ’s to the end of the word. The car pulled up to Peter, John, and Mary's house to pick them up for the theater. What is the pronoun case you would need to … A plural noun that ends in s can be made possessive either by adding only ’  to the end of the word (the preferred method), or by adding ’s to the end of the word. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. For names ending in s, you can either add an apostrophe + s, or just an apostrophe. Her dog is very friendly. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. If you stare at it too long, you may convince yourself that you've found a mistake. Possessive Noun: Definition, Rules & Examples Of Possessive Nouns - 7 E S L What is a possessive noun? The possessive is also used to refer to shops, restaurants, churches and colleges, using the name or job title of the owner. Most proper names are made possessive by adding ’s to the end. A singular noun that ends in s can be made possessive either by adding ’s to the end of the word or by adding only ’  to the end of the word. There are many allusions to the sea in Menzies’ poetry. 'Belonging to' or 'ownership' is the most common relationship the possessive expresses. Some possessive pronouns do, however, use ’s. A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something. . That meal would not be to everyone’s taste. And while it may appear overly possessive, the construction has been around for centuries and it's perfectly correct. Singular. A noun can be made possessive when it could also have of a or of the preceding it.. the bag of a student = a student’s bag the orbits of the planets = the planets’ orbits. What is the correct plural possessive form? What Is Possessive Genitive Case in English Grammar? [H]owever, we do not regard of as a genitive case marker, and hence there is only one genitive here, not two" (The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, 2002). . Do you see that woman over there? which has the same purpose as who as a placeholder in a secondary sentence, with the difference that who is for people and living beings while which is for inanimate objects (please correct me if wrong).. A singular noun is usually made possessive by adding ’s to the end of the word. When used as the name of a company, Daniel's has an implicit subject attached to the possessive Daniel - Daniel's Stores, Daniel's Motor Repairs, and the like.Maintaining the unspoken subject would mean Daniel's Stores' HR Department is expressed as Daniel's HR Department.. But this is English, of course, not Latin, and despite its apparent redundancy, the double genitive is a well-established idiom—a functional part of the language dating back to Middle English. The combination of the preposition of and a possessive form—either a noun ending in -'s or a possessive pronoun—is called a double genitive (or double possessive). In the letters the will apply the skills learned in this unit, including how to structure a letter, punctuating titles of books and short stories, using possessives (in reference to the characters or ideas in the book), contractions and addressing an envelope. British novelist Henry Fielding used the double genitive in A Journey From This World to the Next (1749): You'll also find it in Anne Brontë's second (and final) novel: American writer Stephen Crane slipped a double genitive into one of his short stories: And in a recent novel, author Bil Wright doubled up on the construction: As these examples demonstrate, the double genitive is generally used for emphasis or clarification when the "possessor" is human.