Burning candles on the background of icons in the Orthodox Church in Russia. Tell their story, and we’ll publish it online for free. Direction of BurialOthers practices are linked with ancient beliefs. And how quickly must a trio die? Daffodils, primroses and violets would be planted over infants, roses for those who died in mid life, and rosemary for those who died in old age. Why Is Friday the 13th Considered Unlucky? It's not uncommon for Russian funeral guests to throw sticks behind them, blocking the path to the gravesite from evil spirits as they make their ways to the cemetery. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of the Terms and Conditions, The Calendar Riots of 1752: When Britain lost 11 days. The idols of deities and mirrors at home are covered with a piece of red cloth or paper so as to avoid offending them by “exposing” them to death. Unfortunately, the true origin of this superstition is lost forever. They believed that covering a mirror would prevent the spirit of the dead from becoming "trapped" in the glass, thereby preventing it from completing its journey from this world to the next. Many superstitions surround hearses, a type of vehicle closely associated with death and funerals. Instead of scattering flowers, in England it was more common to use evergreen shrubs such as rosemary and box, with their qualities of not wilting symbolising remembrance. Not surprisingly, therefore, Christian tradition holds that the Last Judgment will commence from the east, and many cemeteries traditionally bury the dead so that they "look" eastward in anticipation. The traditional funeral food is Russian funeral pancakes called Blini. This can be quite different from American Christian funerals. LONDON — Jimmy Armfield, a former England captain who led Leeds to the European Cup final as a manager before a distinguished career in broadcasting, has died. Flowers are laid next to the body, and loved ones may lean down to kiss the body. Following the death, the family will bathe the body and dress it in white clothes to signify purity of the soul. You may take them as seriously (or not) as you wish! However people started objecting to anything that might damage or disturb the grave, especially in the wake of new ideas about reverence to the dead in order to protect expensive monuments such as gravestones which were becoming increasingly fashionable. However this practice was carried out well before the introduction of these religions to the British Isles. Still common in Jewish mourning tradition, people have long covered mirrors in their homes following a death. In this cultural funeral spotlight, we are exploring the fascinating funeral customs of Russian people. Tossing salt over our left shoulder "blinds" the devil and prevents his spirit from taking control of us while we clean up our mess. It’s more do to with staying awake and keeping watch over the body as a sign of devotion until it is time for the funeral. While people generally view superstitions with mild amusement these days, it is amazing how many of us still knock on wood to avoid tempting fate, cross our fingers for luck, or avoid walking under a ladder "just in case." Cigarette smokers might be familiar with this superstition, which states that three people should never light up from the same match or else one of them will die. An open casket funeral is more common at Russian funerals than it is in the west. The Victorians believed that if you saw yourself in a mirror in a room where a person had recently passed away you too would die shortly after. A good death comes at the end of a person's life, and is planned by God. After the death, a priest should be contacted so that the necessary rites can be administered and the funeral planning process can begin. People with Russian heritage are your friends, neighbors and colleagues. While the exact nature of a funeral depends on the life and wishes of the deceased, there are a few standard Russian funeral traditions. If you know someone who is Russian and has recently passed away, this guide to Russian funerals will hopefully give you a better idea of what to expect, as well as provide you with greater confidence as you navigate the funeral events. Try our free interactive obituary template. The closing of the eyes of the recently deceased in Britain is cited as being due simply to guard against rigor mortis setting in while they are still open, the eyelids being one of the first parts to be affected. If the deceased led a pure life, flowers grow over the grave, signifying his or her entrance into Heaven. Therefore, families of the deceased will hold gatherings in their home to on the third, ninth and fortieth day anniversaries of the death to celebrate their life. (Shutterstock), Día de Muertos: The Mexican Practice of Using Celebration to Explore Death, The history behind the practice of tipping out alcohol for the dead, The Significance of a Dying Catholic's Last Rites, The sacraments of Penance, Anointing the Sick, and Viaticum, Music that sets the tone for a respectful memorial. Mourners wear the clothes that they tore at the time of learning of the death or at the funeral. The basis for this is an old notion that touching a button will keep you "connected" to the living and life. Prayer services are held where the shiva is held, with friends, neighbors and relatives making up the minyan (10 people required for certain prayers). The women have (ways) of divining, whether the husband or wife shall die first by the number of letters in Latin, or the husbands, and wives christian-names. Who qualifies as a celebrity? This one has many modern adherents because it is impossible to disprove. Mirrors in the house are covered. Another superstition associated with this one is that, if a pregnant woman does decide to attend a funeral, she should avoid looking at the deceased. It is also customary for everyone to only bring an even number of flowers at a funeral. One end of a rope was fixed to the bell and the other end placed in the hand of the deceased. All of these rituals are to ensure the safe and comfortable passage of the deceased person's soul from this world to the next. This ritual, known as "pouring one out" is an ancient one that spans across many cultures and is not specific just to Russia. Traditionally, families hold gatherings on the 3rd, 9th, and 40th day after the death of a loved one. After Death Rituals As soon as death occurs, someone must guard (A guard is called a Shomer) the body at all times until the funeral, frequently done by the Chevra kadisha. However in many areas of England this practice was considered heathen and was banned in some churchyards right up until late in the 19th Century. Mirrors were covered with crape or veiling to prevent the deceased's spirit from getting trapped in the looking glass. Removing a body feet-first from the home, which dates back to Victorian England, arose from the fear that the departed would "look back" into the house during removal to beckon someone else to follow him or her into death. Presumably, the difference hinges on fully conducting the rites of Christian burial or not. as the big events he covered during a 60-year career, has died. However towards the end of the 19th Century flowers started to become popular again, leading eventually to the relatively recent practice of wreaths adorning the graves of loved ones. These traditions are thought to help the spirit of the deceased person pass easily into the afterlife. The image of a "traditional" funeral in the United States likely conjures up images of a Christian funeral. Because birds can easily move between earth and sky, humans have long viewed our feathered friends as a link between the temporal and spiritual worlds. A bad death occurs when someone departs the earth "before their time," like when a sudden accident claims a life. Thunder After a Funeral Means the Deceased Entered Heaven, Flowers Only Grow on the Graves of the Good, Bury the Dead With Their Heads Pointing West, Cover the Mirrors in a Home Where a Death Occurred, Toss Spilled Salt Over Your Left Shoulder, 14 Haunted Cemeteries and Ghostly Graveyards. These included the safety coffin, where a bell was placed on top of the grave. Lourdes was... SEATTLE — Warren Miller, the legendary outdoor filmmaker who for decades made homages to downhill skiing that he narrated with his own humorous style, has died. The meal after the funeral is known as the pominki. They also believe that there are good deaths and bad deaths. These traditions are thought to help the spirit of the deceased person pass easily into the afterlife. However this practice is also associated with the Wales the North of England, with one 17th Century man recalling that it was ‘to give to St Peter.’. a. Muscogee Creek tribes people b. The burial of bodies in an East- West direction is often linked to Christianity, while in Judaism the dead are buried to face the Last Trump, supposedly coming from the East. Food offerings may also be left out for the spirit of the deceased. Interestingly, many people now believe that tossing salt over their shoulder simply brings them luck, with no connection to the previously imagined peril. Strewing flowers on graves has been noted in sources as early as the 1770s. It's expected that all guests wear dark, formal funeral attire. Orthodox Jews c. Greeks d. Cubans Spilling salt has long been considered an evil omen for many reasons, including its shelf life, value, importance, etc. They believe that sleeping is a gateway to the afterlife, and that repose can unite the living with the dead. Closing EyesSome death rituals are practicalities. But according to Russian superstition, families believe that the spirit of a deceased person remains on earth for 40 days before it ascends to heaven. In the South of England disturbances resulting from this were sometimes guarded against through constructing wicker or willow fences around the grave. The origin of this superstition is the idea that an angel sits on our right shoulder and the devil on our left, each urging us to do good or evil, respectively. The body is left for three days while mourners visit the family home to pay their respects. The possible origin of this belief could date back to the soldiers fighting in the Crimean War in the 1850s: The soldier striking the match alerted the enemy to his presence in the dark; the second soldier lighting his cigarette gave the enemy time to aim, and the third soldier received the fatal bullet. It was thought that at death the soul escaped the body and so was vulnerable to be trapped in the mirror … Fear of Premature BurialDuring the 18th and 19th centuries there developed a morbid fear of being buried alive, which lead to the invention of various devices with which would hopefully alert people to the fact. Months? People die all the time so it's rarely difficult to find somebody even slightly well-known to round out a threesome. When a death occurs, ____ traditionally cover the mirrors in the house. It was thought that at death the soul escaped the body and so was vulnerable to be trapped in the mirror glass and taken away by the devil.