As you can see, vicarious reinforcement may be used at times that someone is acting out in a mild or non-destructive way. The teacher comes over to both of them and says 'Kelly, it's great that you are trying. They start following suit. Occurs when a person avoids the behavior of someone who has been punished for that behavior. One day, you feel particularly lazy and are struggling to focus on the task at hand. Q. Which of the following is an example of observational learning? asked Jan 16, 2017 in Education by TriDelt. Imitation: copying behavior of model. Dennis Relojo-Howell, (2014, November 2). An error occurred trying to load this video. If a child is sincerely trying his best but cannot seem to reach the level of accomplishment that all the other children can, vicarious reinforcement may be damaging. Dennis Relojo-Howell is the founder of Psychreg. imaginable degree, area of Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Create an account to start this course today. Already registered? Disclaimer: Psychreg is mainly for information purposes only. Vicarious reinforcement can be productive, questionable, or misused. - Effects, Benefits & Function, Stress Hormones and Pregnancy: Effects & Overview, What are Birth Defects? © copyright 2003-2020 The teacher continues to give Johnny a sticker and praises him repeatedly although Brian is now working harder than Johnny. courses that prepare you to earn Twenty minutes later, Brian's performance declines significantly because he sees that no matter how hard he works, he doesn't get praise. For example, spanking a child when he throws a tantrum is an example of positive punishment. Of the following choices, the best instructional approach to use for this purpose is: Selected Answer: Direct instruction Question 37 1.25 out of 1.25 points Which one of the following is an example of vicarious punishment? ... Vicarious punishment. As background, in psychology, reinforcement is a means to recognise and reward desirable behaviour in hopes that such behaviour will be repeated. For example, many parents want to live vicariously through their children, hence why they may push their children to do the things they never got to do like pursue medical or law school. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Materials on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, medical treatment, or therapy. (noun) Vicarious reinforcement is related to vicarious learning. The teacher comes over but only praises Johnny for his work. 2. Initially, Brian works even harder. Services. You can test out of the Something is added to the mix (spanking) to discourage a bad behavior (throwing a tantrum).