Be the first to answer! By comparing the advantages of organized government with the disadvantages of the state of nature, they showed why and under what conditions government is useful and ought therefore to be accepted by all reasonable people as a voluntary obligation. They argue that only by entering into society and swearing absolute allegiance to a king can people escape the depravity and brutality of a life in the wild. Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata? Which sentence best describes the Enlightenment idea of the "social contract"? How long will the footprints on the moon last? Découvrez comment nous utilisons vos informations dans notre Politique relative à la vie privée et notre Politique relative aux cookies. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/social-contract, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Contemporary Approaches to the Social Contract, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Social Contract Theory. protected. answered 03/15/18, Experienced Physics Teacher for Physics Tutoring. Which sentence best describes the Enlightenment idea of the "social contract"? Choose an expert and meet online. Thinkers such as ##Voltaire##, Diderot, and d'Alembert headed a movement that placed supreme faith on the powers of reason. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. The Social Contract was the foremost influence on the intellectual development of the French Revolution, and that stormy period in history is our best example of Rousseau's ideas put into practice. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, drawing in pastels by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour, 1753; in the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva. The constitution divides the government into three branches: the judicial branch, the executive branch, and legislative branch. What best describes the Enlightenment idea of the social contract? Updates? The societies of antiquity were characterized by a strong civic spirit, where citizenship was considered not only an honor but a defining characteristic of who one was. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Thomas Hobbes, detail of an oil painting by John Michael Wright; in the National Portrait Gallery, London. Why should the state exist, and how much power should it have? Which statement describes the Enlightenment idea of a social contract as it influenced the Declaration of Independence? For Free. They then, by exercising natural reason, formed a society (and a government) by means of a contract among themselves. Rousseau was initially friends with the other Enlightenment figures, and contributed several articles (mostly on music) to the Encyclopedie. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! When, however, people agreed for mutual protection to surrender individual freedom of action and establish laws and government, they then acquired a sense of moral and civic obligation. 2) which statement best describes a social contract A.an implied agreement between citizens and government in which citizens release some liberty to government for the good of society B.a contract between local residents and . However, thirty-two years later, in 1794, after the ##French Revolution## his remains were transported to the Pantheon in Paris and he was buried as a national hero. Answer: The social contract or Equality under the law 6. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? The idea of a social contract had existed since at the least the Renaissance, but previous versions claimed that there was a binding contract between rulers and the ruled. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? While Rousseau draws ideas from both traditions, he also disagrees with both in significant ways. Although similar ideas can be traced to the Greek Sophists, social-contract theories had their greatest currency in the 17th and 18th centuries and are associated with such philosophers as the Englishmen Thomas Hobbes and John Locke and the Frenchman Jean-Jacques Rousseau. What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing? Which sentence best describes the Enlightenment idea of the "social contract"? The influence of such thinking pervades The Social Contract, and we feel especially the influence of Aristotle's ##Politics##. What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? The Enlightenment idea of “natural rights” is that _____. John Locke, oil on canvas by Herman Verelst, 1689; in the National Portrait Gallery, London. Get an answer to your question "Which sentence best describes the Enlightenment idea of the "social contract" ..." in Social Studies if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. B. ideas, one significant one is the "social contract." The state in turn, agrees to protect its citizens. A social contract specifies how much people must pay in taxes. If not strictly controlled, they will fight, rob, and oppress one another. 1 ... Philosophers of the Enlightenment era were famous for arguing the idea of a "social contract." What distinguished these theories of political obligation from other doctrines of the period was their attempt to justify and delimit political authority on the grounds of individual self-interest and rational consent. Answer: The social contract 5.) Which statement describes the Enlightenment idea of a social contract as it influenced the Declaration of Independence? Which Enlightenment principle is most clearly reflected in this excerpt from the Declaration of Independence? When it was first published in 1762, The Social Contract was met with outrage and censorship. A. A link to the app was sent to your phone. However, he did not share their faith in reason or human progress, and intellectual and temperamental differences increasingly drew them apart. The social contract entailed that the subjects of the King had a right, a duty to overthrow him. Vous pouvez modifier vos choix à tout moment dans vos paramètres de vie privée. All Rights Reserved. Which phrases best describe the goals of the Enlightenment? Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? -Social Contract. He therefore argued that the obligation to obey civil government under the social contract was conditional upon the protection not only of the person but also of private property. Which option below best describes the difference between The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment? Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? People took for themselves all that they could, and human life was “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.” The state of nature was therefore a state of war, which could be ended only if individuals agreed (in a social contract) to give their liberty into the hands of a sovereign, who was thenceforward absolute, on the sole condition that their lives were safeguarded by sovereign power. He is more favorably inclined toward the ancient Greeks and Romans, and often refers to Sparta or Rome when looking for an example of a healthy state. Get a free answer to a quick problem. Which sentence best describes the Enlightenment idea of the social contract? Second, there is the liberal tradition of ##Locke## and Montesquieu, who argue that society exists in order to protect certain inalienable rights of its citizens. They were disdainful of religion or blind faith of any kind, believing that reason and knowledge could slowly bring about the betterment of humankind. They had different ideas about the meaning of the social contract. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Start here or give us a call: (312) 646-6365. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Which of the following BEST describes a social contract as defined by Western philosophers in the 18th century? Theories of the social contract differed according to their purpose: some were designed to justify the power of the sovereign, while others were intended to safeguard the individual from oppression by a sovereign who was all too powerful. Sovereigns who violated these terms could be justifiably overthrown. Locke (in the second of the Two Treatises of Government, 1690) differed from Hobbes insofar as he described the state of nature as one in which the rights of life and property were generally recognized under natural law, the inconveniences of the situation arising from insecurity in the enforcement of those rights. -People are naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish. Rousseau became a wanted man both in France and in his native Geneva. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The most influential social-contract theorists were the 17th–18th century philosophers Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Diderot and d'Alembert undertook the editorship of the Encyclopedie, the crowning glory of the Enlightenment, which was meant to serve as a record of all human knowledge collected to date.