By the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, Germany had to renounce in favour of the Allies and their Associates, all rights over the following parts of the Regierungsbezirk Danzig : (Until the formation of the Free City in 1920). Instead it was decided to restore once again a Free Territory of Danzig, under the supervision of the League of Nations. The territory of the former Free city was divided over nine Kreise : Like the rest of the Gau Danzig-Westpreusen, the city territory was conquered by Soviet troops in early 1945 and transferred to the Polish administration. The city has two main port areas. 1920 – 1921 Maciej Biesiadecki 1864 – 1935 1924 – 1932 Henryk Leon Strasburger 1887 – 1951 The newer Port Północny (“North Port”) is Poland’s largest maritime development project (its first stage completed in 1975); it handles coal exports and petroleum imports, much of the latter processed at a nearby refinery. The shipyards launched their first warship in 1572. In 1772 Gdańsk was seized by Prussia, which resulted in a rapid dissolution of trade through the port, and in 1793 it was incorporated as part of Prussia. 1887 – 1904 … Maurach (*1887 – 1888) German control of Gdańsk increased as the German National Socialist (Nazi) Party won a majority of the assembly seats in the 1933 and 1935 elections. 1940 – 1943 … Henze Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 1944 – 1945 … Schwager, 1939 – 1943 Erwin Johst (*1939-1941) As the majority of the population was German, a possible integration into the new Polish state was however out of question for the Allies. 1932 – 1936 Kazimierz Papée 1889 – 1979 1928 – 1929 Friedrich Grünhagen 1876 – 1929 Ernst Wallhöfer, 1936 – 1942 Erich Temp 1940 – 1941 Kurt Witte* Danzig was very important to Germany for many reasons. 1887 – 1895 Archibald August von Gramatzki Karthaus = Kartuzy The Kreis Marienburg was created in 1818. It was granted municipal autonomy in 1260 and developed as a trade centre. 1 decade ago. 1818 – 1848 Joachim Heinrich von Weikhmann Poland had the right to maintain a separate Post Office (since 1925). In 1457 Gdansk – by now largely Germanized and renamed Danzig – became a Free City independent of the Order. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. The forces at the Westerplatte fort withstood seven days of bombardment by the Germans before surrendering, and the fort remains the foremost symbol of Polish resistance. Danzig was declared a free city under the permanent governance of the League of Nations. 1943 – 1945 … Gillhoff*, 1939 – 1940 … Sommer 1879 – 1881 … Wenzel* It was renamed Elbing-Land after the city of Elbing had become a separate Kreis in 1874. • In 1939 the Free City of Danzig was annexed to the German Empire. 0 0. stevhep. 1920 – 1924 Wilhelm Schümmer Gdańsk appealed for reunification with Poland (1813–14), but, when the Congress of Vienna instead partitioned Poland among Russia, Austria, and Prussia, the city was relegated to the province of West Prussia. 1931 – 1933 Georg Hinz Gotenhafen = Gdynia Lv 4. The city centre, known as Główne Miasto (“Main Town”), lies on the Motława, a tributary of the Vistula, 2 miles (3 km) inland. 1933 – 1939 Willibald Wiercinski-Keiser (since 1934 Wiers-Kaiser) 1888 –, Senators of Finances- Senatoren für Finanzen, 1921 – 1928 Ernst Volkmann 1881 – 1959 1880 – 1953, General Commissioners of the Polish Republic (3)– Komisarze Generalni Rzeczpospoltej Polskiej. 1879 – 1883 … Birkner (Please note the site from which this history was duplicated and edited no longer is functioning: http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Rotunda/), Berent = Koscierzyna 1821 – 1868 … Abramowski 1931 – 1933 Ernst Bruno Viktor Ziehm 1867 – 1962 Borys Mohuczy Thanks Comments; Report Log in to add a comment Answer 5.0 /5 0. 1890 – 1892 … Freiherr von Reiswitz-Kaderzin Rate! 1896 – 1919 Friedrich Lebrecht Trüstedt. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. (1). The Kreis of Danzig-Land was created in 1818. (4). 1910 – 1918 Heinrich Scholtz 1874 – 1918 Contact Us! The older Nowy Port (“New Port”) is a major industrial centre for shipyards, metallurgical and chemical plants, timber mills, and food-processing facilities. Józef Czechowicz Copyright 2000 – 2003 by Bob Hilkens. 1877 – 1890 … Doehring 1919 … Walzer*. 1892 – 1919 … Wessel. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). So world tension never got to rise above 25% for the UK and France to become anti-german. 1893 – 1901 … Keller ROMAN CATHOLIC HIERARCHY IN DANZIG 1848 - 1945, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Deutsche Vertriebenen – German Expulsions (History), Flucht und Verteibung – Flight & Expulsion (Videos), Dictionnaire Genealogique des Familles Canadiennes- Cyprien Tanguay, Preußen in der Vergangenheit – Prussia in the Past (Videos), FREE Prussian-German-Polish-Shoah workshop, Preußische Dörfer/ Städte – Prussian Communities, Official Journals of Pommern, Silesia, Ostpreußen, Westpreußen, Preußische Jahrbücher- Prussian Yearbooks (1859-1935), On-line Prussian, Ukrainian, Russian Mennonite Records, Genealogy Databases and Immigrant Websites, Middle Ages, Hanseatic League, & Teutonic Knights, Pre-colonial & Colonial Mohawk & Hudson River Valleys Documents, GERMAN LOCAL ADMINISTRATORS OF THE DANZIG AREA.