[42], Yellowknife has a municipal government system and is governed by the Yellowknife City Council, which consists of an elected mayor and eight councillors. Niven Lake is the only area under active development and expansion. The highway system in the NWT is maintained by the Government of the Northwest Territories. Historical, 1901–1961 = Chronologie, 1901–1961. Yellowknife was "a city where the gold is paved with streets.". Yellowknife has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen: Dfc). Samples of uranium and silver were uncovered at Great Bear Lake in the early 1930s, and prospectors began fanning out to find additional metals. [43] The Government of the Northwest Territories delegates powers to the municipality through legislative acts and regulations. The skyline features a number of high-rises. Box 580, Yellowknife, NT X1A 2N4, Tel: 867-920-5600 Privacy Sitemap Website Feedback Intranet. information provided by Dene trappers. The Yellowknife Airport is the busiest airport in northern Canada, having 70,699 aircraft movements in 2007 and handling over 400,000 passengers and 30,000 tonnes of cargo yearly. [66] One well-known, almost infamous, road in Yellowknife is Ragged Ass Road, after which Tom Cochrane named an album. The population of Yellowknife quickly grew to 1,000 by 1940, and by 1942, five gold mines were in production in the Yellowknife region. A new terminal was constructed in 1963 and a new control tower added in 1972. Yellowknife City Hall 4807 - 52 Street, P.O. of hiking trails and waterfalls, ice fish and dog sled, as well as take in the magnificent Aurora Borealis. [29] The city averages less than 300 millimetres (12 in) of precipitation annually, as it lies in the rain shadow of mountain ranges to the west. However, aside from an occasional hunter, trapper or prospector who camped in the well-sheltered bay, the area had few other visitors. [55] De Beers also applied in 2005 for a permit to open the Gahcho Kue Diamond Mine Project on the property formerly known as Kennady Lake. [85] Minimum wage in Yellowknife and the NWT is C$13.46 (2018). The discovery was viewed as unimportant in those days because of the Klondike Gold Rush and because Great Slave Lake was too far away to attract attention. Frame Lake, Niven Lake, Range Lake, and Old Town are the residential sectors, with some of the population living in high-rises in the downtown core. [3], In the 2001 Census almost 73% of residents identified as Christian while 24% said they had no religious affiliation.. For specific denominations Statistics Canada found that 36% of residents identified as Roman Catholic, 11% as Anglican, 10% for the United Church, about 2% each as Baptists, Lutheran, and Pentecostal, and more than 1% for The Salvation Army. Blakeney, made the first discovery of gold in the Yellowknife Bay area in 1898. Mayor/City Administrator - (867) 920-5634 However, with the discovery of diamonds north of the city in 1991,[11] this shift began to reverse. One of the challenges the city faces, along with other communities in northern Canada, is the cost of living. The city and Yellowknife Bay were named after the Yellowknives, a Dene band who lived on the islands of Great Slave's East Arm and travelled as far north as the Arctic coast to obtain copper for knives and other implements. [85], English was the mother tongue of 80.0% of residents and 3.2% spoke French. Due to depleted reserves and high costs the Con Mine closed in 2003, and the Giant Mine closed the following year. In addition to government administration, Yellowknife is also the transportation and communications hub of the territory. As a city nestled in the wilderness, Yellowknife plays host to a number of outdoor activities and festivals throughout the year, including the Dog Island Film Festival and the Diavik 150 Canadian Dog Championship Dog Derby. Industrial activity is limited to the Kam Lake and airport subdivisions. School zones and playground zones are in effect 24 hours per day 7 days per week. When government geologists uncovered gold in more favourable geology on the west side of Yellowknife Bay in the fall of 1935, a small staking rush occurred. CPI in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada 2000-2019 Canadian business counts without employees, by province or territory 2019 Northwest Territories business counts … [3][86] As of the 2016 figures, 13.9% of residents were 9 or under, 6.0% were from 10 to 14 years old, 13.1% were from 15 to 24, 34.1.2% were from 25 to 44, 22.0% were from 45 to 59, and 10.9% were 60 or older. example, firearms and fishnets transformed hunting and fishing from a group activity to an individual one. Until 2012, Yellowknife did not have a permanent road connection to the rest of Canada's highway network, as the Yellowknife Highway relied, depending on the season, on ferry service or an ice road to cross the Mackenzie River. Fort Providence operated as an outpost [30] Yellowknife averages 2256.5 hours of bright sunshine per year or 43.5% of possible daylight hours, ranging from a low of 15.4% in December to a high of 63.0% in June. Electricity is provided to Yellowknife by Northland Utilities, serving 6,350 residential and 800 commercial customers. Tourism is the largest renewable industry in the NWT and Yellowknife is the main entry point for visitors. The 2016 Census found that 22.7% of residents identified as Indigenous. For comparison, during the same month and year, other costly Canadian cities ranked lower: the average rent for a two-bedroom in Although they The neighbourhood in which both these sites are located is called Old Town, and was where miners and prospectors first established themselves in the 1930s. NWT Population - July 2020 (09/29/2020) On July 1, 2020 Statistics Canada estimated that 45,161 people were living in the Northwest Territories, of which 23,231 (51.4%) were males and 21,930 (48.6%) were females. Visitors can explore a number During winter, the Tibbitt to Contwoyto Winter Road is opened for semi-trailer truck traffic to take supplies from Yellowknife north to various mines located in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Indigenous Peoples Yellowknife is situated in the territory of the Tlicho (Dogrib), a Dene First Nations people who historically occupied the land between Great Slave Lake and Great Bear Lake. [51] Historically, Yellowknife's economic growth came from gold mining, and later government; however, because of falling gold prices and increased operating costs, the final gold mine closed in 2004, marking a turning point for Yellowknife's economy. [21], In 1978 the Soviet nuclear-powered satellite Kosmos 954 crashed to Earth near Yellowknife. On 10 August 2012, NASA announced that the section of Mars where the Curiosity of the Mars Science Laboratory mission landed would be renamed Yellowknife, in recognition of the city of Yellowknife. Visible minorities account for 16.8 per cent of city residents, with Filipino, Black and South Asian people comprising the largest communities within this group. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map.