Philo of Alexandria, Jews in the Hellenistic World: Philo, Volume 2, translated by Williamson, Ronald, Cambridge University Press, 1989. , Not only did the common people substitute Canaanite gods and worship for the worship of the God of Israel, polytheism and worship of foreign gods became virtually official in both the northern and southern kingdoms despite repeated warnings from the prophets of God. Other terms, such as nēsek and massēkâ, massēbâ, ōseb, and maskit also indicate a material or manner of manufacture.  The language used by Jeroboam to introduce the worship of these idols to Israel was very similar to that used by Aaron with regard to the golden calf at Mount Sinai. (Psalm 115:4-5, 8; see also Isaiah 44:9-20; Jeremiah 10:1-16; Daniel 14:1-30). Daniel 3:17-18; Telushkin, Joseph, Jewish Literacy: The most important things to know about the Jewish religion, its people and its history, 1991, William Morrow. “You Shall Have No Other Gods before Me” (Exodus 20:3) “You Shall Not Make for Yourself an Idol” (Exodus 20:4) “You Shall Not Make Wrongful Use of the Name of the LORD Your God” (Exodus 20:7) Remember the Sabbath Day and Keep It Holy. The Catechism of the Catholic Church notes that this commandment is recalled many times throughout the Bible and quotes passages describing temporal consequences for those who place trust elsewhere than in God: Scripture constantly recalls this rejection of "idols, [of] silver and gold, the work of men's hands. Do you think you really know the 10 Commandments?  To demonstrate victory over an enemy's idols, it was customary to take away the idols of the vanquished, and a similar custom is frequently mentioned in the cuneiform texts. Nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image.--Better, nor shall ye rear you up a graven image or pillar. 1 John 5:20-21; Barclay W., The New Daily Study Bible: The Letters of John and Jude, 2002, Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, p. 139. but in after-time more especially as a memorial to false deities. Exodus 25, 26 and 37; 1 Kings 7 and 10; Tabernacle of Israel and The Temple of Solomon, in The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary, Harrison, R.K., ed., 2005 (originally published 1957, Moody Publishers.  According to the book of Acts, Paul tells the Athenians that though their city is full of idols, the true God is represented by none of them and requires them to turn away from idols..  The language used by Paul in these passages is similar to the first two commandments in regular reference to the jealousy of God, sharp warnings against idolatry and idol images, and the identification of Yahweh as creator and the one who delivered the Israelites from Egypt.. How about the 2nd one which says we are not to have any “graven” or “carved” images? Philippians 3:19; see also Romans 16:18, 2 Timothy 3:4, James 4:4; Hughes R.K., James: Faith that Works, 1991, Wheaton: Crossway Books, pp. , As the leadership of Israel passed from Moses to Joshua, the covenant between Israel and God was renewed and warnings were repeated against adapting or adopting the customs of idol worship among the people the Israelites would encounter, on penalty of corporate destruction and loss of the promised land. In the world of work, it is common to speak of money, fame, and power as potential idols, and rightly so. In ancient times, idolatry often took the form of worshiping physical objects. God in the OT, The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol II, 1992.  "Whosoever recognizes idols has denied the entire Torah; and whosoever denies idols has recognized the entire Torah. " Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Hosea referred to Israel's worship of other gods as spiritual adultery: "How I have been grieved by their adulterous hearts, which have turned away from me, and by their eyes, which have lusted after their idols". Isaiah 40:18, 25; Idol: Images in Israel, The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Freedman, David N, editor-in-chief, 1992, New York: Doubleday. , Paul commended the church in Thessalonica saying, "Your faith in God has become known everywhere … They tell how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath. Along with the original warnings was a promise of restoration for those who would turn away from idols and back to God. All rights reserved. Yet when we imagine that we have ultimate control over them, or that by achieving them our safety and prosperity will be secured, we have begun to fall into idolatry. Jeremiah 3:6-9, 5:7, Ezekiel 16:38, 23:37, Hosea 1:2; Adultery: OT Words, in Expository Dictionary of Bible Words: Word studies for key English Bible words based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts, Renn, Stephen D., ed., 2005, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.. Ezekiel 6:9; Tuell, Steven, The New International Bible Commentary: Ezekiel, 2009, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., p. 33.